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Research on stellar explosions at the University of Turku

Supernovae are among the most energetic phenomena in the Universe. Core-collapse supernovae mark the end-point in the evolution of massive stars, producing neutron stars, stellar mass black holes, and in exceptional cases, also long-duration gamma-ray bursts. These explosions play a vital role in our understanding of stellar evolution, the synthesis of heavy elements, and through feedback processes also in galaxy evolution. Furthermore, as core-collapse supernovae come from massive short-lived stars, their explosion rate directly reflects the on-going rate of star formation in their host galaxies, and thus they can also be used as probes of the cosmic star formation history which is one of the most fundamental observables in astrophysical cosmology.

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