Suomeksi 
 
 
Work Package 6
Ecology and socio-economy of reindeer herding systems

The overarching idea of the proposed NCoE – to utilize the migratory reindeer grazing system of the Sámi as a management tool for mitigating the impact of global climate change – requires integration of ecological knowledge with the perspectives of the Sámi reindeer owners. This requires addressing distinct yet strongly complementary spheres of specialization: ecology, social anthropology, and geography, coupled with practitioners’ expertise in reindeer management. The three primary questions to be addressed to are: (a) to what extent have past and present Sámi reindeer herding practices affected shrub cover within Fennoscandian tundra at spatial scales that may be of relevance to future management?; (b) how have constraints imposed by the majority societies interfered with these processes?; and (c) can the value systems and goals of reindeer owners be characterized in a way to help policy makers to find the incentives which allow the goals of reindeer owners to converge with the ecological goals outlined in previous WPs?

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Prof. Bruce C. Forbes, Univ. of Lapland (bforbes[at]ulapland.fi)

Assoc. Prof. Tove Aagnes Utsi, Finnmark Univ. College (tove.utsi[at]hifm.no)

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    ​​​Keskitalo, E.C.H, Horstkotte, T., Kivinen, S., Forbes, B., and Käyhkö, J. (2015). "Generality of mis-fit"? The real-life difficulty of matching scales in an interconnected world. Accepted for publication in Ambio.

    Saccone P. and Virtanen R. (2015). Extrapolating multi-decadal plant community changes based on medium-term experiments can be risky: evidence from high-latitude tundra. Oikos. DOI: 10.1111/oik.02399.

    Stark, S. and Ylänne H. (2015). Grazing in Arctic peatlands – an unknown agent in the global carbon budget. Environmental Research Letters, 10: 051002. DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/10/5/051002.

    Ylänne, H., Stark, S., and Tolvanen, A. (2015). Vegetation shift from deciduous to evergreen dwarf shrubs in response to selective herbivory offsets carbon losses: evidence from 19 years of warming and simulated herbivory in the sub-arctic tundra. Global Change Biology,  21: 3696–3711.

    Ruffino, L., Oksanen, T., Hoset, K.S., Tuomi, M., Oksanen, L., Korpimäki, E., Bugli, A., Hobson, K.A., Johansen, B., and Mäkynen A. (2015). Predator-rodent-plant interactions along a coast-inland gradient in Fennoscandian tundra. Ecography. DOI: 10.1111/ecog.01758.

    Björkman, C. and Niemelä, P., eds. (2015). Climate Change and Insect Pests. CABI Climate Change Series 7. 279 pp.

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