Cargo throughput in the Baltic Sea ports increased by 4.1% between 2006 and 2007, middle-sized ports are growing fastest

​Liquid bulk remained the biggest cargo type handled

International cargo traffic can be divided into three groups: dry bulk, liquid bulk and other dry cargo. Of these, liquid bulk cargoes formed the largest share of international cargo traffic in the Baltic Sea, at 39%, amounting to 292 million tonnes in 2007. The annual growth was negative, at almost 1%. However, in Russia, where over 37% of liquid bulk cargoes were handled, the annual growth reached 6.5%. The other dry cargo was the fastest growing cargo type in the Baltic Sea, totalling an annual increase of almost 10%. Ports with total cargo volumes of more than 10 million tonnes, reached an even greater annual growth of almost 16%.

Biggest ports dominated the traffic in the Baltic Sea

The top 20 ports, measured by total cargo volumes, handled 504 million tonnes of cargoes, accounting for 61% of the total cargo traffic (market share +0.5 percentage points). The two biggest ports, namely Primorsk and Saint Petersburg, were experiencing the largest increases in market shares (0.7% points and 0.4% points) as well as growing fastest in absolute terms (+8.1 million tonnes and +5.3 million tonnes). Largest annual increases amongst the top 20 ports, in relative terms, were found in Gdynia (+21.5%), Vysotsk (+19.7%) and Malmö (+18.5%).
Ports handling more than 10 million tonnes of cargoes, dominated in particular international liquid bulk traffic with the share of 85% but they also had the largest share in international other dry cargoes (61%). In addition, for example, international container traffic was highly concentrated. Of 7.4 million TEU of containers handled in the Baltic Sea, 93.1% (+0.6% points) passed through top 20 container ports in 2007. Handling of containers grew most, in absolute terms, in Saint Petersburg (+248 000 TEU), Gdynia (+158 000 TEU) and Kotka (+111 000 TEU). In addition to these three ports Gothenburg belonged to major container ports in the Baltic Sea.
Did you know that...
...over one fourth of international dry bulk cargoes handled in the Russian Baltic Sea ports consisted of fertilisers in 2008 (see Baltic Port List 2008).