Marjaana Puurtinen (formerly Penttinen)

 ​​​   Post-do​ctoral Researcher

Turku Institute for Advanced Studies (TIAS)

Department of Teacher Education

Department of Psychology and Speech-Language Pathology

Address: Department of Teacher Education, Fi-20014 University of Turku
Tel.: +358 2 333 8093

E-mail: marjaana.puurtinen(at)


Research interests

  • Expertise in music and music reading
  • Expertise in history
  • ​Eye-movement research
  • Comprehension of text and visuals
  • Conceptual change research

Research collaboration

  • Along with a personal research project at the Turku Institute for Advanced Studies, work in and coordinating the research consortium titled "Reading Music: Eye Movements and the Development of Expertise", funded by the Academy of Finland (ongoing between 1.9.2014-31.8.2018). Depf. of Music, Art and Culture Studies, University of Jyväskylä and Dept. of Teacher Education, University of Turku​. Read more about the Reading Music -project​ and Puurtinen's TIAS project​.
  • Work on expertise in history in "Rethinking Expertise in History", a cross-disciplinary network of researchers from University of Turku, University of Oulu and Åbo Akademi University. Coordinating the network. Read more about the ReThink -network​.
​List of Publications
Refereed scientific articles

Virta, A., Puurtinen, M., & Pihlainen, K. (2016). Monitieteinen näkökulma historian asiantuntijuuteen [Multidisciplinary approach to expertise in history]. Historiallinen Aikakauskirja, 3, 306-315.

Puurtinen, M., Nivala, M., & Virta, A. (2015). Visual sources and historical thinking in higher education. Nordidactica - Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, 4, 1-20.

Penttinen, M., Huovinen, E., & Ylitalo, A. (2015). Reading ahead: Adult music students’ eye movements in temporally controlled performances of a children’s song. International Journal of Music Education: Research, 33(1), 36-50. DOI: 10.1177/0255761413515813 

Penttinen, M., Huovinen, E., & Ylitalo, A. (2013). Silent music reading: Amateur musicians’ visual processing and descriptive skill​. Musicæ Scientiæ, 17(2), 198-216. DOI: 10.1177/1029864912474288​

Penttinen, M., Anto, E., & Mikkilä-Erdmann, M. (2012). Conceptual change, text comprehension, and eye movements during reading. Research in Science Education, 43(4), 1407-1434. DOI: 10.1007/s11165-012-9313-2

​​Penttinen, M., Huovinen, E., & Ylitalo, A. (2012). Unexpected melodic events during music reading: Exploring the eye-movement approach. In E. Cambouropoulos, C. Tsougras, P. Mavromatis, & K. Pastiadis (Eds.), Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Music Perception and Cognition and the 8th Conference of the European Society for the Cognitive Sciences of Music, Thessaloniki, Greece. (pp. 792-798).

Ahopelto, I., Mikkilä-Erdmann, M., Anto, E., & Penttinen, M. (2011). Future elementary school teachers’ conceptual change concerning photosynthesis. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 55(5), 503-515. DOI: 10.1080/00313831.2010.550060

Penttinen, M., & Huovinen, E. (2011). The early development of sight-reading skills in adulthood: A study of eye movements. Journal of Research in Music Education, 59(2), 196-220. DOI: 10.1177/0022429411405339

Anto, E., Penttinen, M., & Mikkilä-Erdmann, M. (2010). Kognitiivinen konflikti oppikirjatekstin lukuprosessissa ja silmänliikkeissä [Cognitive conflict and eye movements in science text reading]. Kasvatus, 41(5), 445-455.

Penttinen, M., & Huovinen, E. (2009). The effects of melodic grouping and meter on eye movements during simple sight-reading tasks. In J. Louhivuori, T. Eerola, S. Saarikallio, T. Himberg, & P. Eerola (Eds.), Proceedings of the 7th Triennial Conference of European Society for the Cognitive Sciences of Music, Jyväskylä, Finland. (pp. 416-424).

Ahopelto, I., Mikkilä-Erdmann, M., Penttinen, M., & Anto, E. (2009). Yhteyttäminen ja käsitteellinen muutos – interventio luokanopettajaopiskelijoilla [Adult students’ conceptions about photosynthesis and conceptual change]. Kasvatus, 40(4), 307-316.

Mikkilä-Erdmann, M., Penttinen, M., Anto, E., & Olkinuora, E. (2008). Constructing mental models during learning from science text. Eye tracking methodology meets conceptual change. In D. Ifenthaler, P. Pirnay-Dummer & J. Michael Spector (Eds.), Understanding Models for Learning and Instruction: Essays in Honor of Norbert M. Seel. (pp. 63-79). New York, NY: Springer.

Non-refereed sc​ientific articles

Penttinen, M. (2013). Piste janalla, pisara meressä. Historianopiskelijoiden käsityksiä ajasta ja historiasta [A dot on a line, a drop in a sea – history students’ conceptions of time and history]. Teoksessa L. Koivunen & J. Tunturi (toim.), Relatiivisuuden ylistys? Kirjoituksia tieteen ja tieteiden historiasta​. (pp. 141-151). Histories 3. Turku: Yleinen historia, Turun yliopisto.​

Penttinen, M. (2013). Nuotinluku ja silmänliikkeet – Lectio Praecursoria [Music reading and eye movements – Lectio Praecursoria]​. Finnish Journal of Music Education, 16(1), 86-91.

Public artistic and design activities

Joki - Ån [The River] (2017). Compiling and arranging music to the folk dance piece of the opening concert of the Europeade Turku 2017​ folklore festival organized by the city of Turku, and conducting the performing orchestra. Choreography by Mirkku Weckström. 50 min.

Rinkeli [The Bagel] (2017). Music, lyrics and arrangements to a dance piece for folk dance and music organization Turun Kiikurit, prepared for the organization's 60th anniversary. Choreography by Elena Penttilä. 50 min.

Kristina (2016). Music and arrangements to a contemporary dance piece. First performed at Naantali Music Festival. Choreography by Marjo Kuusela. 35 min.

Perinne-eläin69 [Traditional Animal69] (2015). Music and arrangements to a dance piece for folk dance group PRO and accompanying band Proomu. Choreography by Samuli Nordberg. 15 min.

Annikaisen virsi [Hymn of Annikainen] (2013). Music and arrangements to a dance piece for folk dance group PRO and accompanying band Proomu. Choreography by Elena Penttilä. 11 min.

Jako yhteen​ [Divide into One] (2012). Music, lyrics and arrangements to a dance piece for folk dance and music organization Turun Kiikurit, prepared for the organization's 55th anniversary. Choreography by Elena Penttilä. 60 min. Parts of the piece were later on presented under the title Tori [The Market Place]​.

Kihlakahvit [The Engagement Party] (2011). Music and arrangements to a dance piece for amateur folk dancers and musicians, and professional dancers. First part of a two-part dance piece "The Burn of the City of Turku", first performed as part of the Turku European Capital of Culture celebrations. Choreography by Marjo Kuusela. 45 min. Parts of the piece were later performed in the "Music from 7 hills" event of the Turku Philharmonic Orchestra (in 2015).

Matkaansaattajat [Send-off], Pari ideaa Puutorille [A Couple of Ideas for Puutori] and Nyt Turku nukkumaan [Turku, Now to Sleep] (2011). Selecting and arranging music and preparing the final lyrics for a three-part art event performed by folk dance and music organization Turun Kiikurit. Directing and concept developing by Meiju Niskala and colleagues. Performed as part of the Turku365 art project during the Turku European Capital of Culture celebrations.​​


Puurtinen, M. (2016). Menneisyys, historia ja historiantutkimus historianopiskelijoiden silmin [Past, history, and historical research through the eyes of university history students]. Master's Thesis, Department of European and World History, University of Turku.

Penttinen, M. (2013). Skill development in music reading: the eye-movement approach. Annales Universitati​​s Turkuensis, Series B, 369. Academic Dissertation. 

Anto, E., & Penttinen, M. (2006). Kognitiivinen konflikti ja silmänliikkeet oppikirjatekstin lukemisprosessissa [Cognitive conflict and eye movements in reading textbook text]. Master’s Thesis, University of Turku, Department of Teacher Education.​