General Law or general legal theory examines law with the analytic methods of philosophy. For example, it studies what law is: is it the will of legislators in a fixed form (= legal positivism), the rights and responsibilities strongly ratified by courts and other authorities (=legal realism), the legal customs citizens have developed voluntarily (= historical school movement), or community justice (=natural law philosophy)? In addition, general law examines the judges’ and researchers’ sources of law, legal interpretation, the justification of a legal decision or legal argumentation theory, and the theory of law.

General Law has two functions as part of the undergraduate studies: it outlines the image of the profession (= general informative function) and it provides tools for making legal judgements and decisions (=methodological function).