Studying in the FINDOS Doctoral Program

​                                                                                      Figure: Annariitta Kottonen

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FINDOS opetussuunnitelma 2016-2018​
FINDOS Curricula Guide 2016-2018

Studying in FINDOS 

All doctoral candidates in FINDOS follow the rules, guidelines and instructions of their home university.
At the University of Turku, the guidelines can be found at the web pages of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Turku and the University of Turku Graduate School (UTUGS)
FINDOS offers both funded positions, and matching funds positions. Matching funds doctoral candidates are full members of the doctoral program but their monthly income is paid by another source (e.g. research group, a personal grant, other organisation than local graduate school). Matching funds doctoral candidates have the same rights and responsibilities as the doctoral candidates funded by the Graduate School (FINDOS) and they apply like others.
The purpose of the FINDOS doctoral program is to provide high quality education leading to a PhD degree in different fields of oral sciences. In addition, the program is aimed at improving contacts between the doctoral candidates and research groups in general in the field of oral sciences. This may open new views and bring motivation in the PhD work.
Training and teaching in FINDOS are based on locally organized regular seminars and journal clubs complemented with a joint annual symposia, summer schools and research training courses. The guiding principle is to invite the doctoral candidates and their supervisors to jointly participate in seminars, thematic symposia with international partners, laboratory-oriented methodology workshops, summer schools and journal clubs organized by the FINDOS and its members.
All doctoral candidates of the FINDOS are invited to participate in open two-day symposia to be arranged once a year with invited international speakers, and focusing on the major research areas. Every second year, there is a joint summer school with the Swedish National Graduate School in Odontological Sciences / Swedish National Clinical Research School in Dental Medicine. In summer schools, doctoral candidates will present short oral presentations or posters in addition to plenary sessions.
Laboratory Rotations will give the doctoral candidates the possibility to join a laboratory of another research group for a shorter period (1-3 weeks) in order to gain experience on other research projects as well as become familiar with and trained in techniques used in their own PhD project. 

Responsibilities of the Doctoral Candidates 

The Doctoral Candidate should 
  • Actively participate in courses, workshops, symposia and other respective events of the doctoral programme which promote the doctoral candidate's integration into the scientific community.
  • Attend regular meetings with the supervisors at a frequency which is appropriate to the stage of the PhD project. These meetings should be cancelled or postponed only in agreement with the supervisor. (ref. Supervision plan)
  • Adopt and internalise the protocol of good scientific practise, the general principles of ethical aspects in science and the ethical regulations of the doctoral candidates's research field.  
National Advisory Board on Research ethics
ETENE's (The National Advisory Board on Health Care Ethics) (in particular for a clinical researcher)  
  • Understand that the research and the PhD thesis are ultimately the doctoral candidate's own responsibility. The candidate should make sure that she/he has a clearly distinguishable niche in the group’s projects, and be aware when involved in projects which do not contribute to his/her doctoral degree.
  • Ensure that the thesis is his/her own work and that the final version has been read and commented upon by the supervisor(s) before submission.
  • Take note of guidance and feedback from the supervisor(s).
  • Arrange the annual Follow Up Group meetings, and report of the meetings to FINSOS within the required time period.
  • Alert the supervisors at an early stage of any difficulties or perceived lack of progress.
  • Meet agreed deadlines for work. 


Responsibilities of the Supervisors

The role of supervisors is central in guaranteeing multi-disciplinary training, education and PhD thesis of high quality. Thus, the supervisors of the FINSOS doctoral candidates must be internationally well recognised senior researchers of high scientific quality. 

The main supervisor and co-supervisors are responsible for ensuring compliance with university regulations and procedures at each stage of the PhD project. The progress of the doctoral candidates in FINDOS is annually evaluated by the follow up group of each doctoral candidate and the Board of the Directors of FINDOS / local FINDOS-programme. When the PhD thesis is ready to be examined, the main supervisor is responsible for suggesting doctoral candidate for the pre-reviewers of the thesis and the opponent of the dissertation. All supervisors must also commit themselves to teaching in seminars, summer schools and workshops of FINDOS.

Follow Up Group - Annual Monitoring 

The progress of the doctoral candidates in FINDOS is annually evaluated by the follow-up group (annual follow up group meeting) and by the local FINDOS doctoral programme (annual progress report). The task of the follow-up group is to help and support the doctoral candidate  in scientific and other issues. The follow-up group is according to the instructions given by the home university. The Follow-up group will monitor the progress of the doctoral candidate’s PhD project until the dissertation. The purpose of the annual monitoring is:
  • to check on individual progress (both research and formal training)
  • to ensure that the points raised are appropriately addressed
  • to discern trends and issues which may need addressing in a more generic manner
The follow-up group may propose that alternative arrangements for supervision should be investigated if they consider it necessary. In those events when the progress of the doctoral candidate’s research project or his/her participation or progress in the training is unsatisfactory, due to reasons depending on the trainee, both the supervisor and the follow-up group must inform the Board of the Directors of FINDOS. On the basis of the reports provided by the follow-up groups, the Board can estimate also the activity of individual supervisors as members of the FINDOS, and if appropriate take actions to guarantee high quality training in all fields.