The Space Research Laboratory together with  Tuorla Observatory form the "Väisälä Institute for Space Physics and Astronomy" (VISPA).

The main goal of research at  the Laboratory of Industrial Physics is to deepen the physical knowledge of industrial research and technology, and to find relevant physical applications.

The Laboratory of Quantum Optics specialises in basic theoretical and experimental research on quantum optics (including laser cooling and trapping of atoms) and quantum information.

Research in physics of materials, surfaces, interfaces and thin films includes semiconductors, catalysts and metals is made at  the Materials Research Laboratory.

Nonlinear phenomena, foundations of quantum mechanics, computational solid state physics, particle physics and cosmology are the main directions of research at the Laboratory of Theoretical Physics.

The aim of the Space Research Laboratory is to promote the study of solar and heliospheric and cosmic ray physics. The laboratory is responsible for the energetic particle instrument ERNE on board the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO), which is a joint mission of ESA and NASA. Another wide international collaboration is the construction and operation of the magnetic spectrometer AMS on the International Space Station. AMS will search for antimatter, investigate the nature of dark matter of the universe, and measure galactic cosmic rays and very high-energy solar particles with unprecedented accuracy.  AMS started operation in 2011 and will continue measurements at least till 2020. 

Research made at the Wihuri Physical Laboratory is directed mainly to solid state physics and low-temperature atomic physics. Special topics include magnetism and magnetic resonance, spectroscopy, superconductivity, and condensation of spin-polarized quantum gases.​