Wihuri Physical Laboratory
​On March 14th 1957 a laboratory for basic research, especially for low temperature atomic physics was established in the University of Turku. On the same occasion the Jenny and Antti Wihuri Foundation donated the University a Collins Helium Liquefier. Accordingly, the new institution was given the name Wihuri Physical Laboratory (WPL). The donation made it possible to start also research of modern solid state physics in the Turku University. Even to day both fields are included in the program of WPL.

Most investigations made at WPL belong to basic research. Still there are regularly a few short term application-oriented projects going on together with inductrial enterprises. The work is often carried out in cooperation with foreign institutes on basis of long standing exchange programmes. A brilliant example of the success of this policy is the observation of two-dimensional Bose-Einstein condensation in hydrogen in 1998 by Prof. Simo Jaakkola and his group in collaboration with researchers at the Russian Research Center, Kurchatov Institute, Moscow. Related work is still continued by the same group. Other fields of current research are semiconductor physics, especially in ultrahigh magnetic fields, in cooperation with the A.F. Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute, St. Petersburg, as well as investigations in magnetism, superconductivity and and nuclear resonance spectroscopy of solids. Presently about ten research projects are in operation.

Along with scientific research WPL is a place for higher education to young physicists aiming at doctor´s degree. The most important tool here is the research group organization supporting close academic contacts between students and their supervisors.

To the Wihuri Foundation must go the credit for making possible many advances in the research facilities and the scientific atmosphere at WPL. The development of physics in the last two decades of last century has been very exciting. Undoubtedly the future will come with many more surprises. The best we can do just now is to get ready to grip with the challenges ahead.





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