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Selection criteria for postgraduate studies at TSE
The following selection criteria are used in order to ensure that the applicants with different educational backgrounds have the necessary abilities to successfully complete academic postgraduate studies:
 
1.     Applicable degree and meeting the quality requirements thereof
2.     Research plan
3.     A schedule of the research and studies and plan for funding of the studies
4.     Letter of motivation
5.     Sufficient language skills

1.   Applicable degree and meeting the quality requirements thereof

In Finland, eligible for studies leading to an academic postgraduate degree are those who have
  1. an applicable higher university degree
  2. an applicable higher polytechnic degree
  3. an applicable education completed abroad which in the awarding country gives eligibility for corresponding higher education

1. Applicants with an applicable higher university degree from Finland

  • at least 60 ECTS cr of previous studies in the major of the doctoral degree, of which at least 18 ECTS cr in advanced studies
  • a minimum grade of cum laude approbatur for the Master’s thesis
  • at least a mark of “good”/performance above average for the major subject 

2. Applicants with an applicable higher polytechnic degree

  • at least 60 ECTS cr of previous studies in the major of the doctoral degree
  • in addition, the candidate is required to complete 30 ECTS cr of supplementary studies which are university-level, advanced studies in the major of the doctoral degree. The supplementary studies must include methodological studies, and they must be completed before granting of the study right for the doctoral degree
  • the degree completed needs to include a thesis equivalent to a Finnish Master's thesis with a grade comparable to a grade "cum laude approbatur" on TSE's grading scale
  • at least a grade "good"/performance above average for the previous studies in the major  included in the polytechnic degrees and supplementary studies 

3. Applicants with an applicable higher university degree from other countries than Finland

  • at least 60 ECTS cr of previous studies in the major of the doctoral degree, of which at least 18 ECTS cr in advanced studies
  • the degree completed needs to include a Master's thesis with at least a grade "good" or an equivalent demonstration of research skills which the professor of the major of the doctoral degree will evaluate
  • at least a mark of “good”/performance above average for the major subject

2.    Research plan 

The application must include a high-quality research plan (max 10 pages, excluding cover and list of references) demonstrating the applicant’s capabilities for doctoral training. Based on the research plan TSE will evaluate the suitability of the research topic in relation to the research profile and expertise of the major subject.
The following should be clear from the research plan:
  • research topic
  • grounds for topic selection
  • theoretical foundation for research
  • methods and potential data
  • scientific and societal novelty value
By including the research plan to the application the applicant gives permission for checking the research plan with Turnitin OriginalityCheck (system for electrical plagiarism detection).

3.   A schedule of the research and studies and plan for funding of the studies

The application must include a schedule of the research and studies and plan for funding the studies. As a full-time student, the doctoral degree can be completed in four years. As a rule in the selection of students priority is given to applicants pursuing full-time studying and those who are able to provide a realistic funding plan.

4.   Letter of motivation

The application must include reasons for applying the right to pursue a doctoral degree (letter of motivation).

5.   Sufficient language skills

The applicants are required to have knowledge in Finnish or English language to be able to participate in the teaching and communicate with the university staff. In practice, knowledge in the English language is required always when working in an international science community. Those applying for a right to study must prove their knowledge of English or Finnish as described below.
Language skills are considered sufficient and no language tests are required, if the applicant
- has completed a higher education degree and studies required for the degree
  1. in a university or polytechnic in Finland OR
  2. in a university or polytechnic in EU/ETA countries in English. (The language of the degree must appear from the degree certificate, diploma supplement, transcript of study records or other official document awarded by the university in question.) OR
  3. in a university located in the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Ireland, Australia or New Zealand in English.
OR
- has completed a comprehensive or secondary education in Finnish
OR
- has completed an upper secondary education in the United States, Australia, Canada, United Kingdom, Ireland or New Zealand in English. In this case, a degree certificate of the upper secondary education must be enclosed to the application.
 
IF THE APPLICANT DOES NOT HAVE A DEGREE/EDUCATION STATED ABOVE FOR PROOF OF SUFFICIENT LANGUAGE SKILLS, A LANGUAGE TEST MUST BE TAKEN.
NB! All language test results must be sent directly by the test organizer to University of Turku by the application deadline. It is the applicant’s responsibility to make testing arrangements for her/himself in time. If you are planning to apply for a Doctoral Programme that has language skills requirements, you should sign up for the language test well in advance! It may take several weeks before the test results are published.
 
The language test is valid until the expiry date given by the test organizer. If there is no expiry date, the test is valid for maximum four (4) years.

Acceptable language tests and the minimum scores are:

  • International English Language Testing Service (IELTS) Academic with an overall band score of 6.5 and no individual score below 6.0 (IELTS test / Locate a test site)
  • Test of English as Foreign Language (TOEFL) with a minimum score of 575 on the paper-based test or minimum score of 92 and no individual score below 20 on the internet-based test. The TOEFL reporting code (institution code) for the University of Turku is 9701. (TOEFL test / Locate a test site)
  • Pearson Test of English, Academic (PTE A) with a minimum overall score of 62 and no individual score below 54 (PTE A test / Locate a test site
  • Test for the National Certificate of Language Proficiency in English (YKI) set by the Finnish National Board on Education with a minimum score of 5 for each subtest (YKI test)
Test scores must be sent to University of Turku (Turku School of Economics) directly by the organization administering the test. Photocopies of test scores are not accepted.
 
In addition to the selection criteria above, admission can be refused because of insufficient supervision resources in the major.

Other requirements 

An applicant who wants to change his/her major subject in the postgraduate degree must complete at least 60 ECTS cr, of which 18 ECTS cr in advanced studies, in the new major subject before admission.  
Applicants for the Doctor of Science in Economics and Business Administration who have previously completed a degree in some other field than business science must complete the introductory studies in all business subjects, the basic studies in one subject in the field of business sciences as well as separately specified supplementary studies in the major subject of the doctoral degree, including methodological studies, before they can be accepted to study for a postgraduate degree.
 
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