Funding your studies

Funding options for doctoral studies

1) Salaried position as a doctoral candidate 
To achieve such a position you have to apply for an advertised position. The position may be funded by the Graduate School of Turku University (UTUGS) or Turku School of Economics (e.g. some of its departments). In this job you are employed by the university, and your salary is determined by collective agreement, corresponding to other publicly employed professionals. UTUGS opens new positions every year (early Autumn) without a specification of the research field, whereas the positions by TSE are mainly related to named disciplines and become open only occasionally. TSE may also offer salaried positions to the finalizing phases of the doctoral thesis.
2) Working in an externally funded research project
TSE and its departments manage various research projects, funded by the Academy of Finland, European Union, TEKES (Finnish Funding Agency for Innovation) or other major funding bodies. As an employee of the project  you may prepare your own doctoral project, collect data for it and publish papers. As a project researcher you are employed by the university and the salaries are determined according to the university's salary system.
3) Full-time scholarship
Some Finnish and international foundations give scholarship funding for doctoral candidates for one or several years. You may also bring with you funding from your home country to conduct studies. As a scholarship researcher, you will not be employed by the University of Turku, and your rights and benefits at TSE may be somewhat weaker than for employed doctoral candidates. 
4) Employment outside of the university, in business or in other organizations
The employer may support your studies financially or by organizing working times so that you are able to study and do research. Typically part time doctoral candidates use much of  their free time to conduct studies. Part time studies necessarily prolong the time for completing the training, since the degree requirements are the same for everyone.
5) Various funding instruments for shorter time periods or for researcher mobility
Various research foundations grant scholarships for doctoral candidates, for research costs and conference travelling but also for personal living costs. For these foundations see AURORA database. Some foundations and EU-instruments specifically afford funding for visits to foreign universities with the purpose of conducting doctoral studies. This is an option to finance for instance half a year of the study time.
6) Own savings and funds. This is always an option for those who can free themselves from salaried work and concentrate on doctoral research whether full-time or part time.

Information on funding opportunities is available on the web pages of the University of Turku.