Russia's final energy frontier

The two-year (2014–2016) research project, co-funded by the Academy of Finland and the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, analyses the role of internal factors, foreign businesses and international Arctic politics in the formation of energy policy in the Russian Far North, towards which the centre of gravity of Russia’s hydrocarbon production is shifting. The project will also examine how this policy affects socioeconomic development and the environmental situation in the area.

Sub-themes of the project:

  1. What are the budgetary relations between the federal centre and the Russian Far Northern areas? How is energy wealth divided between the centre and the Northern regions? 
  2. How do energy developments affect demographic trends in the Russian Far North?
  3. How does the hydrocarbon sector carry out its social and environmental responsibility in the Russian Far North? How do the rights of indigenous people play out in these policy practices?
  4. What is the future role of foreign companies in the development of the Russian Far North? How do they enter the markets and engage in the complex networks in the Russian Far North? How do they cooperate with other actors?
  5. What is the role of international politics in the Arctic, including Arctic environ-mental policy, in the formation of Russia’s energy policy in the Far North? How do politicization and securitization relate to energy policy formation?
  6. How does energy policy affect the future use of the Northern Sea Route? 
Involved partners include the University of Helsinki/Aleksanteri Institute and the University of Turku/Pan-European Institute, as well as a Japanese group of researchers. The researchers at the Pan-European Institute focus on the role of foreign companies in the development of the Russian Far North.

More information:

Hanna Mäkinen
Project Researcher
Pan-European Institute
Eini Haaja
University Lecturer
Pan-European Institute