Plenary and Presentation Abstracts
Elizabeth Buchanan: Living in a Time of (Un)Ethical Algorithms
I will discuss the growing use of algorithmic processing or manipulation in our social media experiences, with a focus on the emotive harms that can arise from “inadvertent algorithmic cruelty.” Specifically, this talk will explore such issues as bias, privacy violations, and ethical decision making in the age of the algorithm.

Bio: Elizabeth Buchanan, Ph.D. is Endowed Chair in Ethics and Director of the Center for Applied Ethics at the University of Wisconsin-Stout.  She serves as Leadership Director and Vice-Chair of the UW Stout's Institutional Review Board. She has presented her National Science Foundation-funded research on IRBs and Internet research to the Secretary's Advisory Committee to the Office for Human Research Protections in 2010, 2012, 2013, and 2014, and was a primary contributor to the SACHRP Recommendations on Internet Research. She has also presented at the Office for Human Research Protections Community Research Forums, and has done professional development work with many IRBs throughout the US.  She has been on the Faculty of the Public Responsibility in Medicine and Research roster since 2008. As of 2012, she has been a member of the PRIM&R Conference Planning Committee, and she is Co-Chair of PRIM&R’s SBER 2015 conference.  Elizabeth is a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science Committee on Scientific Freedom and Responsibility.

Her most recent research was funded by the National Science Foundation, and examined computer science pedagogy and ethics in graduate computer and information science education.  Recent publications include an article in Lecture Notes in Computer Science, entitled “The New Normal: Revisiting Internet Research Ethics,” an entry in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy entitled Internet Research Ethics, and a chapter on research ethics in the volume, Research, Evaluation and Audit (Facet Publishing). Elizabeth is the editor of one of the first anthologies of Internet research ethics (Readings in Virtual Research Ethics, 2004), and is author and/or co-author to numerous papers on research ethics and methods. Elizabeth is also primary co-author to the Association of Internet Researchers Ethics Guidelines for Internet Research. She holds BA degrees from Rutgers University, and her Master’s and PhD from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.

Kai Kimppa: Ethics of Gamers as Users in the Net
There are real ethical challenges related to computer games in the net. They range from IPR ownership to doing direct harm to others through the game, to using others for your gaming experience, to tricking people to pay more than they were willing or, to pressing banner ads when they rather would not to ever more topics. In this presentation I will look at these topics and to what they mean to us as researchers, the game industry as well as the gamers.

Bio: Kai K. Kimppa, PhD, is lucky enough to have a 5 year postdoc position at University of Turku, Turku School of Economics, Information Systems where he studies all the things he finds interesting in computers and ethics. He wrote his thesis on IPRs as he thought the current IPR system was not really justified (he still thinks that, now  more than ever!), then started to study eHealth and eGovernment related ethical questions and has supervised one PhD on eHealth and has several coming on both soon. On top of this he has dabbled on a variety of issues from trust building in the internet to voice synthetization to HCI (and has a history as a User Interface Designer at Nokia Mobile Phones from back-in-the-day). Most importantly regarding this lecture however, he loves computer games. He has been an avid gamer since about 1980 when he first ran into Space Invaders, and thought he could make a job out of a hobby - and so it indeed seems as he has now studied ethics and computer games for over 10 years.

Cornelius Puschmann: Ethical Issues in Digital Humanities Research
The internet has opened up a vast trove of data for research that is increasingly studied not just by computer scientists, but that also increasingly attracts the interests of scholars from the humanities and social scientists. This data trove includes digital archives, data repositories and online corpora, but also information from social media services and platforms.

Digital trace data, broadly conceived as data that users deliberately or unknowingly generate when they use internet-based services, opens up exciting possibilities for research across a range of academic fields, but its use also raises legal and ethical questions:

1. What legal and ethical frameworks exist for the analysis of digital trace data?
2. How can the privacy of research subjects be assured?
3. What role does anonymization play in data collection, and where are its limits?
4. What other legal constraints exist when analyzing data (e.g. contractual obligations, intellectual property rights)?

The lecture will cover these issues, with an emphasis on what role legal and ethical considerations could play for your research project. It will be hands-on, while also providing examples for some of the more conceptual problems raised by the proliferation of digital media.

Bio: Cornelius Puschmann is acting professor of communication science at Zeppelin University Friedrichshafen and research associate at the Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society in Berlin. Prior to this he was a visiting fellow at the Oxford Internet Institute and visiting assistant professor at the University of Amsterdam. His research interests include computer-mediated discourse, science communication, and organizational communication.


1.    Sari Östman Contextually reflexive online research ethics
Research ethics in digital culture is intertwined with source criticism and researcher’s reflexive positioning. It is an important part of the whole research process from choosing the subject from finishing and publishing the report. This kind of research ethics is highly case-bounded, which means that only certain tools, not rules, can be given for solving the challenges. However, the more knowledge the researcher has got of the online field s/he works with, the easier the ethical decision-making becomes. Therefore, it is important to take into account whether internet is the source, the subject or a tool for research. Often it is all of these, and in this case it should be seen as the research environment, which makes extensive ethical consideration essential. Research ethics for online environments should be contextually reflexive.

2.    Ville Leppänen: Overview of CyberTrust project: Goals, activities and state of the art of threats in digital cyber world
The purpose of this talk is give an overview of CyberTrust (2015-2018) project.  We look into the current state of malicious activities in the digital cyber world, and how the project aims to return privacy and trust in digital world and to gain a global competitive edge in security-related business. The Cyber Trust is a joint project of 22 companies and 9 research institutions.

3.    Susanna Paasonen: ‘Pervy role-play and such’: girls' experiences of sexual messaging online
Sexting is one of the recurring causes of concern in public discussion of young people and network media. This paper builds on the findings of Silja Nielsen's survey with 1269 Finnish female respondents aged 11–18 conducted using a popular online community for girls on their experiences of and views on online messages concerning sex and sexuality. Sixty-five per cent of respondents had received messages related to sex from either adults or minors while 20% had also sent such messages themselves. Focusing especially on the ethical concerns and solutions connected to the research project, and drawing on a recent article authored by Nielsen, Paasonen and Sanna Spisak, the paper focuses the girls’ motivations for sexual messaging and distinctions they drew between unwanted and wanted messages. While messages from unknown people identified as adult were often discussed as unpleasant or ‘creepy’, sexual messaging, role-play, cybersex experiments and discussions related to sex among peers were defined as fun and pleasurable. Girls display notable resilience and describe coping strategies connected to unwanted messaging but equally frame sexual messaging and role-play as issues of choice motivated by curiosity and pleasure. The paper addresses sexual messaging as a form of sexual play and learning, and argues for the importance of ethically sound contextual analysis in understanding its forms and potentialities.

4.    Abayomi Baiyere: Who is looking at MyCloud – Angels or Demons
There are observable trends recently in the domain of information technology, which are triggering different issues worthy of ethical and social considerations. Some notable current trends highlighted include:  a)  the  pervasiveness  of  SoCloMo 1 ,  b)  the  Big  Data  and  Data  Analytics  race,  c)  ownership dilemma of Ecommerce transactional data and d) Data Security and Trust in a post-Snowden era.
This conceptual discussion is positioned to expand our thinking about the different forces at play with respect to the digital data of a person in this current age. For this study we look at some of the key areas of concern for personal digital data by building on existing streams of scholarly enquiries in data ethics/privacy research. These include – ownership, privacy, unconsented use, data location, ethical boundaries among many  others.  We consider how the  interplay  between  the  advancement  in  IT technology and ethical considerations is likely to emerge with the use of a scenario planning approach.

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