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Merenkulun lyhenteet ja uudissanat

AAC Audit et Assesment Center, Philippines auditointikeskus
ABC Associated Bulk Carriers
ABP Associated British Ports UK:n suurin satamarymittymä one of Britain's largest companies
ABS American Bureau of Shipping luokituslaitos
ACH Ateliers et Chantier du Havre Ranskan 2. suurin telakka
ACL Atlantic Container Line, roro-operator
ACM Application Connectivity Management
ACO Air-Craft Co-ordinator lentotoiminnan koordinaattori
ACP Panama Canal Port Authority Panama Canal Authority
ACPA Association of Canadian Port Authorities
ADFZA Abu Dhabi Free Zone Authority 1996-
ADCO Administrative Co-Operation in the Field of Recreational Craft = ryhmä, jossa markkinavalvojat eri maista pyrkivät yhtenäistämään markkinavalvontaan liittyviä käytännön toimenpiteitä (Cruise business)
AER Assembly of European Regions ad: CPMR Conference of Peripheral Maritime Regions
AESA Astilleros Españoles SA Espanjan suurin telakka
AET American Eagle Tanker varustamo
AFC Automatic Fixing Cone
Aframax/Baby-Cape 170 800 dwt/180 000 m3 Suezmax/Capesize
AFS IMO Anti Fouling Systems Convention 2001
AHTO Ahtausteknillinen opisto, Kotka, 1956-1983
AHTS Anchor Handling/Tug/Supply öljynporaustoiminnan apualus
ahv jäänmurtajan akselitehon yksikkö
AIS Automatic Ship Identification System
ALWC Accelerated Low Water Corrosion
AMA American Marine Advisors
AMC American Maritime Congress
AMIG Al Manhal International Group Abu Dhabilainen varustamo
AMOS Anglo Marine Overseas Services, järjestö, joka vuokraa entisiä brittisotilaita laivojen turvaksi merirosvouksen varalta
AMP Panama's Maritime Authority
AMRIE Alliance of Maritime Regional Interests in Europe Bryssel
AMSA Australian Maritime Safety Authority
AMVER Automated Mutual Assistance Vessel Rescue, alusten kulkua seuraava meriturvallisuusjärjestelmä
Anave Spanish Shipowners' Association
ANEK Lines Anonymos Naftiliaki Esteria Kritis, varustamo
ANERA Asia North America Eastbound Rate Agreement
ANWR Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Alaska alue, jossa öljynporaus on kielletty
APPL Australian Petroleum Pty Ltd
APV Absolute Pressure in Vessel
AQIS Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service, laivojen tarkastusta
ARA Antwerp, Rotterdam, Amsterdam Benelux maiden satamien muodostama liikennealuekäsite
ARPA Automatic Radar Plotting Aids
ASA Abandoned Shipwreck Act (USA)
ASA American Shipbuilders Association
ASA Australian Shipbuilders' Association
ASCOBANS Agreement on the Conservation of Small Cetaceans of the Baltic and North Seas
ATEX Eu Potentially Explosive Atmospheres directive mandatory in July 2003
AWB Australian Wheat Board Ltd
AWES Association of European Shipbuilders and Shiprepairers
AWRA FEFC:n Asia Westbound Rate Agreement
AWS Automatic Weather Station automaattinen merisääasema
BA Breathing Apparatus
BACAT Barge Abroad Catamaran kaksirunkoinen proomuemälaiva, johon proomut lastataan nostamalla
Barreli raakaöljytynnyri 159 litraa
BASC Business Anti-Smuggling Coalition
BBL Bolero Bill of Lading
BCI Baltic Crew International specialist crewing and ship management firm, Tallinn
BCL Barge Container Liner kombiproomuemälaiva
BES Business Expansion Scheme
BGI Baltic Group International recruitment office
BHC Bror Husell Chartering varustamo
BHP Brake Horse Power
BIFFEX Baltic International Freight Futures Exchange
BIMCO Baltic and International Maritime Council
BIWTC Bangladesh Inland Water Transport
Blasco Black Sea Shipping co best known post-soviet shipping company failure
BLFC Balmer Lawrie Freight Container Indian container manufacturer
Block-ships aallonmurtajiksi upotettavia laivoja
BLT Berlian Laju Tanker, Tankkerivarustamo Indonesia
BMT British Maritime Technology
Bofori Tuulen mittausyksikkö. Tuulen vaikutus ympäristöön kontra-amiraali Francis Beaufortin taulukkojen mukaan
BOT build-operative-transfer
BPO Baltic Port Organization
BRM Bridge Resource Management komentosiltatyöskentely
BRS Barry Rogliano Salles Cruisehip broker
BSC Baltic Shipping Company
BSR Baltic Ship Repairers shipyard
C-TPAT Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism USA:han menevät kontit tulee olla sinetöity korkean turvallisuustason sinetillä
CA Controlled Atmosphere boxes CA containers, käytetään tuoreiden hedelmien kuljetukseen
CAD/CAM Computer Aided Design/Computer Aided Manufacturing an information technology system
CASCO Central-Asian Shipping Company (Russian)
CAT Cie D'Affretement de Transport
CBR The Commodity Box Rate
GBSS Council of the Baltic States
CBT Computer-based training
CCAI Calculated Carbon Aromacity Index laivapolttoaineen päästöarvo indeksi
CCECC China Civil Engineering Construction Corp
CCL Carnival Cruise Line
CEFIC European Chemical Industry Council
CENSA Council of European and Japanese Shipowners' Associations merged with ICS (International Chamber of Shipping)
CER Community of European Railways, Brussels
Cesa Committee of European Union Shipbuilders' Associations
CGM Compagnie Generale Maritime
CI Cape International
CI Containerization International
CIC Collapsible Intermodal Container
CIC Concentrated Inspection Campaign on Oil Taker Safety ( by Port State Control Officer Tankermen)
CIFFA Canadian International Freight Forwarders Association
CIMAC International council on Combustion Engines valvoo polttomoottoreita ja polttoaineiden käyttöä
CIMC China International Marine Containers Group
CIN Craft Identification Number, veneen rungon tunnistenumero, joka kattaa koko aluksen 2003/44/Ey huvivenedirektiivin mukaan
CIR Spain's Canary Island's Register
Clas NK Nippon Kaiji Kyokai Classification Society/association, Tokyo
CLIA Cruise Lines International Association
CLS Canadian Shipping Lines
CLSA Credit Lyonnaise Securities iskulause: Different angles on global emerging markets
CMA Canada Marine Act
CMA Compagnie Maritime d'Affretement
CMA Connecticut Maritime Association
CMB Compagnie Maritime Belge
CMS Columbia Ship Management, Cyprus
CMS Centre for Maritime Studies, Merenkulkualan koulutus- ja tutkimuskeskus, Turun yliopisto
CNFO Cantiere Navale Fratelli Orlando telakka
CNG compressed natural gas
CNN Compagnie Nationale de Navigation, French oil transporter
CoCoS Computer-controlled surveillance
Code of Polar Navigation
Combo Combination carrier, alternative between liquid cargoes and dry cargoes
Conbulk Combination vessel in which part of the cargo space is suited for carriage of containers
Concor The Container Corporation of India
Con-ro vessel handels containers and rolling cargo at the same time
CoP Codes of Practice, lastauksessa, hinauksessa varmistuksessa ja kuljetuksessa käytössä olevat ohjeet
COPS Crane Operation Planning System, the port industry product aimed at assisting terminal planning
CORFs Certificates of Financial Responsibility, US
COS Czech Ocean Shipping
COSCO China Ocean Shipping Company
Coshh Control of substances hazardous to health
COW Crude Oil Washing
CPA Canada Port Authority
CPMR Conference of Peripheral Maritime Regions Etujärjestö ex AER Assembly of European Regions
CPS Star Central Purchasing System materiaalitoimintaohjelma
CPT Container Pollet Transfer
Cradle tween deck kehtovälikansi
CRCA Center for Review, Competency and Assessment Filippinniläinen auditointi keskus AAC:n alainen
CRP Contra-Rotating Propulsion vastakkain pyörivät potkurit
CSA China Shipowners' Association
CSAV Compania Sud Americana de Vapores varustamo
CSC Container Service Charge kontin käsittelykulut satamassa
CSC Cyprus Shipping Council
CSCL China Shipping Container Lines Co Ltd
CSE China Steel Express Shipping, shipping subsidiary of the China Steel Corporation
CSE US Navy Strategic Sealift
CSI US Container Security Initiative
CSL Canadian Steamship Lines St. Lawrence- Great Lakes Operation
CSOs Company Security Officers vrt SSOs Ship Security Officers
CSS China Classification Society
CSS Consolidated Supervision System Luokituslaitosten rekisteri (logbook of CSS records)
CSSC China State Shipbuilding Corp. Kiinan suurin telakka
CSSC Azerbaijan's Caspian Sea Shipping Company
CSU Continuous shipunloaders
CSTC China Shipbuilding Trading Company
CTGM Compagnie pour le Transport et la Gestion Maritime, Swiss-based
CTIS 2000 Container Terminal Information System 2000
CTL constructive total loss alus täysin menetetty
CTP Common Transport Policy
CTSA Canada Transpacific Stabilisation Agreement
CTU Cargo Transport Unit
CTV Catamaran Transfer Vessel
DAS Double Acting Ship kulkee jääolosuhteissa perä edellä
DAT Double Acting Tanker kulkee jääoloissa perä edellä
DCCHC Damietta Container and Cargo Handling co
DCDS Damage Control and Decision Support vauriovakavuusvalvonta ja päätösentekotukijärjestelmä, jossa SF Control vastuulla on tankkien ja kuivien tilojen mittaukset & SAS Instrument dynaamisen viippauksen ja kallistuman mittaukset. Näiden mittausarvojen perusteella Onboard Napa laskee vakavuuden ja runkorasituksen
DEA Norwegian Department of Environmental Affairs
DEEE Diesel Engine Exhaust System
DF Wärtsilä Dual-Fuel gas engine
DGTV European Commission Competition Directorate EU:n kilpailukomissio
DIS Danish International Register
DMA Danish Maritime Authority
DML Dorchester Maritime LTD Isle-of-Man based shipmanagement community belongs to German-owned Schylta Group autonomous shipmanagement companies
DMS Department of Merchant Shipping, Cyprus
DNS Dalian New Shipbuilding Heavy Industries, China
DP Dynamic positioning dynaaminen paikanmääritys
DPA Dubai Port Authority
DPO Dynamic Positioning officer dynaamisesta paikanmäärityksestä vastaava upseeri
DSA Danish Shipowners' Association
DSC The IMO Subcommittee on Dangerous Goods, Solid Cargoes and Container ex: Bulk Cargoes Working Group on Stowage and Securing Cargoes
DSC Digital Selective Calling kutsuntajärjestelmä
DSF Danmarks Skibkreditfond - Ship mortgage lender laivanrakennuksen rahoittaja
DSR Deep Sea Research Inc Meripelastusyhtiö
DSR Deutsche Seerederei Rostock
DSV Diving Support Vehicle
Eastmed Eastern Mediterranean Maritime varustamo
EBA European Boatmens' Union satamapalveluhenkilöstön edunvalvontajärjestö
EBITDA Earning Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization
EBS European Bulk Service + Maja Stevedoring = RBT Rotterdam Bulk Terminal
ECA Emission Control Area, sulphur oxid emission
ECDIS Electronic Chart Display System and Information System
EcoS Egyptian Navigation Co
ECSA European Community Shipowners' Association
ECSC European Coal & Steel Community ECT Rotterdam
ECTA European Chemical Transport Association
EDS Engine Diagnostic System
EEZ Exclusive Economical Zone Helcom asettanut Itämeren rannikot herkän tilan takia erikoisvyöhykkeksi
EFIBCA European Flexible Intermediate Bulk Container Association standardisoi FiBc-säkit
ELA Equilibrium Line Altitude there is a strong correlation between ice net balance and the height of ELA
EMA Eastbound Management Agreement
EMAS European Commission's ECO-management and audit scheme
EMEC European Marine Equipment Council
EML Eesti Merelaevandus virolainben varustamo
EMR European Metals Recycling
EmS Emergency Procedures for Ships Carrying Dangerous Goods
EMSA European Maritime Safety Agency
ENC Electronic Navigational Charts
ENSO El Niño Southern Oscillation
EPCA European Petrochemical Association
EPIRB Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon, hätäpoiju, joka automaattisesti lähettää paikallistamissignaalia
ESR European Sosiaalirahasto
ERTO Erityisalojen toimihenkilöliitto
ESC European Shippers' Council
ESCO Estonian Shipping
ESN European Shortsea Network
ESPO European Sea Ports Organization
ETA Estimated time of arrival, arvioitu tuloaika
ETGC Elevating Trolley Girder Container Crane
ETIBCA European Flexible Intermediate Bulk Containers Association
ETW European Transport Workers' Federation
EUCC European Union for Coastal Conservation
EuDA European Dredging Association
EURMIG EU Recreational Marine Industry Groups
FAI Flexible Anternative Inc, manufacturer of flexitanks
FAK Freight all kinds the content of a container irrelevant/simplest tariff of all
FAL French Asia Line
FBS Finlands Båtsurveyors vrt. SVT
FCCA Florida-Caribbean Cruise Association
FDA US Food & Drug Administration
FDPSO floating, drilling, production, storage and offloading vessels
FEFC Far Easter Freight Conference Kaukoidän lastikonferenssi
Felucco Niilin pieni purjealus. 2 hengen miehistö, 6-9 matkustajaa
Feport Federation of European Private Port Operators
FIBC / FIBCs Flexible Intermediate Bulk Container(s)
FIDI Federation of International Furniture Removers kansainvälinen muuttohuolintajärjestö
Finet Finnish Association of Metal, Engineering and Electrochemical Industries
FIRST Freight Information Real-Time System for Transport
Flood Control Door rorojen autokansilla sulkuportit
FMEA Failure, Mode and Effect Analysis, vikailmoitusanalyysi (GOFREP)
FLT forklift truck
FONASBA Federation of National Associations of Shipbrokers and Agents
FMSS Full Mission Shiphandling Simulator
FOC Flag-of-Convenience, Flags of Convenince, mukavuuslippu
Fosva Forward Ship Value Agreement, a concept that is based on forward prices for five ship types: Old capesize, panamax, dry bulk vessels and VLCC and aframax tankers
FPSO floating, production, storage and offloading vessels/Floating Production Storing and Offloading
FPU Floating Production Unit
FRB Fast Rescue Boat
FSA Formal Safety Assessment risk analysis tool. Some administrators have encouraged IMO to recognise FSA as an aid to maritime rule-making process.
FSG Flensburger Schiffbau-Gesellschaft
FSK Félag �?slenskra Skipstjómemanna Islannin laivanpäällystöliitto
FSL Fleet Support Limited, naval repair work
FSO Floating Storage Offloading
GESAMP Group of Experts for Scientific Assessment of Marine Pollution
Ghost fleet US:s naval reserve ships blocked from being scrapped
Ghost ship 1)Unflagged ship destined to be scrapped, an US reserve ship.
2)A bulker changing its flag and destiny port with uncleared cargo
3)modern Flying Dutchman, Italian luxury cruiser appearing after 40 years in the Barents Sea
GHR Rotterdam Municipal Port Management
GMDSS Global Maritime Distress and Safety System
GMB Gujarat Maritime Board
GMS Gdynia Maritime School
GMT Grandi Motori Trieste laivakoneiden valmistaja, osa Wärtsilä konsernia
GNSL Geest North Sea Line
GOFREP Gulf of Finland Reporting. Suomenlahden alueella liikennöiville kauppa-aluksille pakollinen ilmoittautumisjärjestelmä
GPA Georgia Ports Authority
GPCP Gujarat Pollution Control Board
GPO Grab Pendulum Performance Optimiser kahmaritekniikka
GPS Global Positioning System
GPT Groupement Interprofessionel Portuaire lobby group for port operators and their customers in France
GSB Genoa Sea Broker, huolintaliike
GSK General Ship Knowledge
GSRS German Sea-Rescue Service
HA CC P Hazard Analysis & Critical Control Point System
HAL Holland America Line
HAM Humid Air Motor Technique. Dieselmoottorien sisäänmenoilma kostutetaan, jolloin rikki vähenee
HASK Helsingfors Arbetare Segelklubb rf > HSK Helsingfors Selgelklubb ry v:sta 1918
HBL Hydrostatistically balanced loading
HDV Howaldtwerke Deutsche Werft
HelSa Helsingin satama
HFO heavy fuel oil
HH-ferries Helsingborg-Helsingör lautat
HH-leden Helsingborg-Helsingör -väylä
HHI Hyundai Heavy Industries
HIN-koodi veneen runkojärjestelmään kuuluva veistämötunnus, jonka Finnboat myöntää
HKMW Hong Kong Ming Wah varustamo
HKSOA Hong Kong Shipowners' Association
HMM Hyunday Steamship Company
HMT Hamina Multimodal Terminals
HNS Hazardous and Noxious Substances
HPH Hutchison Port Holdings
HRS Hellenic Register of Shipping
HSC High Speed Craft
HSD Hardanger Sunnhordlandske Damskibsselskap
HSE Health & Safety Executive
HSF Harbour Services Fee
HSK Helsingfors Segelklubb ry v:sta 1918 ex HASK Helsingfors Arbetare Segelklubb
HSS High Speed Sea Service
HTM Harbour Maintenance Fee
HVAC Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning Systems (aluksissa)
HÄKE Hälytyskeskus
Höyrykaatteri höyrykäyttöinen luotausvene
IACS International Association of Classification Societies luokituslaitosten kansainvälinen keskusjärjestö
IALA International Association of Lighthouse Association
IAME International Association of Maritime Economists
IAPH International Association of Ports and Harbours
IBIA International Bunker Industry Association valvoo laivapolttoaineiden puhtautta
IBSFC International Baltic Sea Fishery Commission
ICC Institute Cargo Clauses englantilaiset vakuutusehdot
ICC International Chamber of Commerce
ICCL International Council of Cruise Lines
ICCP Impressed Current Cathodic Protection
ICCY International Council of Cruising Yachts
ICES International Council for the Exploration of the Sea
ICHCA International Cargo Handling Co-ordination Association
ICLL International Convention on Load Lines 1966 amendments possible since 1988 LL Load Lines Protocol
ICMA International Christian Maritime Association kansainvälinen merimieslähetys
ICMES International cooperation on Marine Engineering Systems
ICOMIA International Council of Marine Industry Associations, venealan kansainvälinen kattojärjestö Lontoo. Jäseniä 25 eri maasta vuonna 1999.
ICONS International Commission on Shipping
ICS Institute of Chartered Shipbrokers
ICS International Chamber of Shipping
ICSW International Committee on Seafarers' Welfare, the body comprising of voluntary and government supported seafarers welfare agencies, ITF and ISF
ICTSI International Container Terminal Services Incorporated, Manila-based terminal operator
ICWT Intermodal Continental Water Transport Project 1997 - BASF, Shell Chemicals, Gentenaar and Nedlloyd Chemical Logistic
IEC International Electrotechnical Commission
IELA International Exhibition Logistics Association Kansainvälinen näyttelyhuolitsijoiden liitto
IFA International Fertilizer Associations
IFI International Financial Institute
IFSMA International Federation of Shipmasters' Association
IGC International Grains Council viljakaupan kattojärjestö
IGS Inert Gas System
IHI Ishikanajima Harima Heavy Industries
IHMA International Harbour Masters' Association satamakapteenien kansainvälinen kattojärjestö
IIG Industrial Investment Group UK-based leasing tank containers
IISI International Iron and Steel Institute
IICL Institute of International Container Lessors, konttien kuntotaulukko
ILAMA International Lifesaving Appliances Manufacturers Association
ILC International Lifeboat Conference
ILF International Lifeboat Federation
ILO International Labour Organisation
ILU Institute of London Underwriters
IMA International Maritime Associates, super yacht coordination and consulting company
IMB International Maritime Bureau
IMCI International Marine Certification Institute
IMDG International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code vaarallisten aineiden luokituskoodi
IMO International Maritime Organization
IMIF International Maritime Industries Forum
IMLI Malta-based IMO International Maritime Law Institute
IMSA Institute of Marine Safety Auditors Merenkulun tarkastajien järjestö
IMB International Maritime Bureau ICC:n merenkulkuyksikkö
IMEC International Marine Employers' Committee
INC Integrated Navigation and Control, integroitu navigointi- ja ohjausjärjestelmä (GOFREP)
INE European Federation for Inland Water Transport - Inland Navigation Europe
InLoc Integrated Logistics Centre Networks in the Baltic Sea Region
INSROP International Northern Sea Route Project
IOC Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission
IOPC International Oil Pollution Compensation Funds öljyvahinkojen korvausrahasto
IOTOPF International Tanker Owners' Pollution Federation
IP & RA Israel Ports & Railway Authority
IPER Institut Portuaire d'Enseignement et de Recherche
IPO Initial Public Offering , USA = Flotation launching a company particularly of new capital issue
IPS International Ports Services Co Ltd
IQA Institute of Quality Assurance
IRCA International Register of Certificated Auditors
IRI International Registries Inc kansainväliset laivarekisterit valvovat laivarekistereitä
IRISL Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Lines, Teheran, varustamo
IRRI International Rice Research Institute
ISC-konsepti Intelligent Supply Chain älykäs toimitusketju, johon sisältyy logistiikan systemaattinen ennakkosuunnittelu, bookauspäivitykset ja joustava tavaravirta
ISF International Shipping Federation, international employers' organisation for shipowners, concerned with labour affairs, manpower and training issues
ISI Inservice Inspection MacGregorin laivanrakennuksen ylläpito ja korjausohjelma
ISM International Ship Management Co , Jordan ex JISM
ISPS International Ship & Port Facility Security Code Solas Chapter VI
ISSC International Ship Security Certificate, laivojen kansainvälinen turvasertifikaatti
ISTA International Sail Training Association nuorison välistä ystävyyttä edist. yhdistys, purjehtijat 15-25-vuotiaita
ISU International Salvage Union Meripelastusyhtiöiden kattojärjestö 46 jäsentä
ISVY Itäisen Suomenlahden veneily-yhteistyö
ITCO International Tank Container Association
ITIC International Transport Intermediaries' Club Kuljetusvälittäjien kattojärjestö
ITU International Telegraphic Union
ITWF International Transport Workers' Federation
IUMI International Union of Marine Insurance
IVA International Underwriting Association ex ILV Institute of London Underwriters (Evaluating the risk)
IWL Institute of Warranties
JCP Baltic Sea Joint Comprehensive Environmental Action Programme
JEHSI J.E.Hyde Shipping index 1993-
JFH Flexi J.F. Hildebrand, flexitank for alcoholic beverage industry, wine trade
JMSA Japanese Maritime Safety Agency
JNSL Jordan National Shipping Lines
JRRF Joint Rapid Reaction Forces v. 1999 muodostettu yksikkö, joka siirtää Britannian iskujoukkoja maailman kriisipaikkoihin käyttävät roro-rahti-aluksiaTCC Tri-Cargo Carrier alunperin 109,000 dwt/120 000 m3
JSA Japanese Shipowners' Association
JVC Joint Venture Company
Jääoperointi jäissä liikkuminen
Kehtovälikansi Cradle tween deck rahtialuksissa irroitettava lastauskansi, Hans Langhin patentti
KG Kommandit-Gesellschaft System separate coampanies are set up for each vessel project, limited partnership being designed to attract small investors
KHI Kawasaki Heavy Industries f. 1878 one of Japan's major shipbuilding and conversion enterprises
KIMO Kommunenes Internasjonale Miljöorganisasjon
komposiittirakenne aluksen runko puuta, kaaret rautaa
KLASCO Klaipeda Stevedoring Company
KPA Kenya Ports Authority
KPM Kawasaki Precision Machinery, Japan
KR Korean Register
KSA Korea Shipbuilders' Association
LAN LR (Lloyd's Register) + DNV (Det Norske Veritas) + ABS (American Bureau of Shipping)
LAT Latvian Shipping Company varustamo
LAXT Los Angeles Export Terminal
LBT Liepaja Bulk Terminal
LBO Leveraged buyout
LC-Forum Baltic Sea Region Forum on Logistics Centres
LCA Lake Carriers' Association Suurten Järvien kuljettajien kattojärjestö
LHC Leif Hoegh varustamo
LIBOR London Interbank Offered Rate
LIBRA Linhas Brasileiras de Navegacao
LISCO Lithuanian Shipping Company
LISCR Liberian International Ship and Corporate Registry
LMC Landing Mobile Craft tasapohjainen maihinnousualus
LMIS Lloyd's Maritime Information Services tietokanta, jossa on tiedot yli 100 gt:n 87 000 kauppa-aluksesta, laivadieselien valmistuksesta
LMIU SID Lloyd's Marine Intelligence Unit Ship Information Database
LNG liquefied natural gas
LOF Lloyd's Open Form Salvage -contract ex No cure no pay
LPA Latvia Privatisation Agency
LO-LO Lift on Lift off aluksen lasti sekä lastataan että puretaan kansiluukkujen kautta, joko aluksen omilla tai laiturinostureilla
LORDA Logistics Research and Development Association
LPD Landing Platform Dock -vessel sota-alus, jossa on maihinnousuramppi keulassa
LR Lloyd's Register (of Shipping) luokituslaitos
LRQA Lloyd's Register Quality Assurance laatujärjestelmiä
LSL Landing Ships Logistics-vessel roro-maihinnousualus UK Royal Fleet Auxiliary
LUC London Underwriting Center
M&A Mergers-and-aquisition (market)
MAAS Meriarkeologinen ja antropologinen yhdistys (Suomi, Eesti, Venäjä)
MAIB UK's Marine Accident Investigation Bureau
MAR Madeira Shipping Register Portugalin kansallinen offshore rekisteri, avoin rekisteri, liput portugalin lipun alla
MARAD US Maritime Administration
Marisec Maritime International Secretariat Services Limited
Maritek Norwegian Ship Research Institute
MARLO Maritime Liaison Office US Naval Forces Control Command
MARPOL International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships 73/78
MARTOB On-Board Treatment of Ballast Water
MBB Maritime Black Box comprehensive reliable and tamper-proof information from ships involved in accidents
MBO Management Buyout
MCA Maritime and Coastal Guard Agency (Ireland), (UK)
MCA Maritime and Coastal Guard Agency (Britain)
MCA Maritime Law Association, Panama
MCC Maersk Container Industry
MCN Maritime Consultancy Network
MCS Mediterranean Shipping Company
MeCa Maritime e-commerce Institute
Medro Mediterranean roro vessel Välimeren liikennöintiin suunniteltu roro
MEPC IMO's Marine Environment Protection Committee
Mepe Meripelastuksen tietojärjestelmä
MOB Man over Board Boat
Mopro Moottoriproomu Mopro Oy
MR tankers Medium-Range tankers
Merimiestapa merimiestaito, historia ja kokemus, jolla engl. merimiehet kehittivät meriteiden säännöt 1800-luvulla Ordinary Practice of Seamen tuli kansainvälisesti voimaan 1910. Ensimmäiset muutokset 1954.
Merten korppikotkat Meripelastusyhtiöt, jotka tulevat haaksirikoutuneen aluksen luo tarjoamaan apua korvausta vastaan
MFAG Medical First Aid Guide IMOn sisnisten kirjojen osio sis.mm. lääkevalikoiman
MHC Mobile Harbour Crane
MHR Mainport Holding Rottedam an independent corporation, functioning as a wholly-owned subsidiary of RMPM Mainport Holding Rotterdam
MIE Minimum Ignation Energy, antistatic materials
MIG Metal Inert Gas
MIIU Marine Incident Investigation Unit
MISC Malysia International Shipping
MIU Marine Intellligence Unit Lloyd's vrt LMIU SID
MLI Meri-Lappi Instituutti, Kemi-Tornion alue
MLT Marine Transport Lines , vaustamo
MMA Malta Maritime Authority ensures that vessels applying for Maltese flag status are adequately scrutinised and that charges of Maltese registration being soft touch are easily countered as ridiculous
MMS Maritime Medical Support tarjoaa räätälöityjä lääkintäpalveluja aluksiin
Mea Merenmittausalus
MMSI Maritime Mobile Identity
MNTB Merchant Navy Training Board
MODU Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit
MOL Mitsui OSK Line
Monikeila-alus merenmittausalustyyppi
MPC Münchmeyer Petersen Capital, rahoitusfirma
MPCU Marine Pollution Control Unit
MPS Maintenance Planning System
MPV Multi Purpose vehicle, a small fast freight train, that can operate in environments previously off-limits of traditional rail transport
MRCC Marine Rescue Coordination Centre meripelastuskeskus
MRSC Maritime Rescue Sub-Centre meripelastuslohkokeskus
MSC Swiss-based Mediterranean Shipping Company
MSC Mediterranean Shipping Co
MSC Mediterranean Shipping Cruises, Naples-based shipping unit of the Mediterranian Shipping Group
MSC Military Sealift Command US
MSDW Morgan Stanley Dean Witter, business analysis
MSL Maximum Securing Load IMO suosittelelema määritelmä lastin turvallisuuskeinoista
MSS Marine System Supplier GE Marine Engineers
MTL Marine Transport Lines
MTML Marine Trading Mark-up Language, based on XML as a standard for maritime specific messages
Mulberry-satamat Cherbourgin ja LeHavre välillä olleet väliaikaiset satamat 1939-47
NAMMA North American Maritime Industry Association USA and Canada, hyväntekeväisyysjärjestö
NAO North Atlantic Oscillation El Nino sääilmiö P.-Atlantilla
NAO UK's National Audit Office
NAV Net Asset Value, a valuation tool which stands in stark coontrast to the cashflow methods used In USA and UK,
Navtex Navigation reports
NBP Natexis Banques Populaires, French bank
NBR Nordisk Båtrådet perust. Göteborg 1969
NC National Certificate
NCH Nurminen Cargo Handling
NCL Norwegian Cruise Line
NCTS New Computerised Transit System sähköinen passitus, nykyisen T-passituksen käytössä oleva SAD-lomakkeen tiedot tulevat liikkumaan huolintaliikkeen tai varastokirjapitäjän ja tullin välillä sähköisinä sanomina
NDT Non Destructive Testing
NeLoc Networking Logistics Centres in the Baltic Region
NFBK Nordisk Fartygsbefälskongress
NIS Newly Introduced Species, tulokaslajit
NIS Norwegian International Ship Register Norjan rinnakkaisrekisteri
NITC National Iranian Tanker Co
NIVA Norsk Institutt for vannforskning , tutkimuslaitos, jossa tutkitaan mm. nopeakulkuisten laivojen aiheuttamia ympäristöongelmia
NMD Norwegian Maritime Directorate tarkastaa pienalusten turvallisuutta ja tasoa
NME Norwegian Maritime Exporters' Association
NMF Norwegian Maritime Forum Norjan telakoiden etujärjestö
NOL Neptune Orient Lines Group varustamo, Singapore
NOR Norks Ordinaet Register Norjan laivarekisteri
Nor'eastern storm blowing from the Northeast
NORD-COMPASS Nordic Committee of Passenger Vessels per. 1990
NRT Net Registred Tonnage nettovetoisuus, aluksen lastitilojen tilavuus rekisteritonneina
NSCSA National Shipping Corporation of Saudi Arabia
NSD Naval Supply Depot
NSL North Sea Line
NSR The Northern Sea Route Koillisväylä
NTF Nordisk Transportforskning
NTF Nordisk Transportarbetarfederationen Pohjoismaiden Kuljetustyöläisten Federaatio
NTSB National Transportation Safety Board USA
NVOCC. Non Vessel Operating Common Carrier, varustamo, joka vuokraa/välittää tilaa aluksista
NWRIC Norwegian War Risk Insurance Club
O/O Oil and Ore Carrier yhdistelmabulkkeri
Oblique Multipurpose Terminal Vessel Kolmikolkkajäänmurtaja, asymmetrinen jäänmurtaja ja öljyntorjunta-alus
OBO Oil Bulk Ore carrier yhdistelmäbulkkeri
ODS Operating Differential Subsidy received by operators of US-flag ships employed in the international trades, in order to compensate them for the additional operating costs associated with the US-flag
OL Österreichischer Lloyd
OLSM Österreichischer Lloyd Ship Management
OMBO One Man Bridge Operation
OMC Outboard Marine Corporation = Evinrude Outboard Motors + Johnson Motor Company
OMM Ocean Marine Mutual vakuutusyhtiö
OOCL Orient Overseas Container Line, Hong Kong-based
OOW Officer of the Watch komentosillalla vahdissa oleva laivapäällystön jäsen
OPA 90 US Oil Pollution Act 1990
OPITB Offshore Petroleum Industries Training Board
OPITO Offshore Petroleum Industries Training Organisation
OSC On-scene co-ordinator onnettomusspaikan johtaja
OSG Overseas Ship Holding Group varustamo New York
OSE Oslo Stock Exchange Oslo bourse
OSG Overseas Shipholding Group , New York-based
OSHA US Government's Occupational Safety & Health Administration
OSV oilfield supply vessel (=AHTS)
OTIM Ocean Transport Insurance mutual
OTK Onnettomuustutkintakeskus, Oikeusministeriön alainen
OVDS Ofotens og Vesteraalens Dampskibsselskab, Hurtigruten operaattori
OVL Overseas Arm of India's State-run Oil and Natural Gas Company
P&I Protection-and-Indemnity varustajan/varustamon vastuuvakuutus
Paaluveto hinaajan työtehon mitta
PAH Port Autonome du Havre
PC SOPEP Panama Canal Shiboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan
PCA Panama Canal Authority
PAM Port Authority of Marseilles
PCC Pure Car Carrier, roro container
PCTC Pure Car/Truck Carrier autonkuljetusalus kehitetty roro car carriers -aluksesta
PDVSA Petroleos de Venezuela state oil company
PEME Pre-Employment Medical Examination P&IN aloitteesta työhönottoterveystarkastus
PEPA Portable Electronic Aid, Vessel Piloting Programs, DGPS on mahdollistanut kannettavan naivigointilaitteen
Petty piracy kotitarvemerirosvous, dzonkin omistaja keräsi joukon, joka harjoitti pienimuotoista merirosvousta, lunnaat ja saalis jaettiin omistajan ja miehistön kesken
PFSO Port Facility Security Officer (ISPS)
PIANC Permanent International Association of Navigation Congresses
Pika-alus nopeakulkuinen alus esim. matkustajakatamaraani
PLSBT Partial-loading segregated ballast tanks
PMA Pacific Maritime Association
PMA Permanent means of access in the ballast tanks and cargo holds of oil tankers and bulk carriers, to allow for internal inspection.
PNSC Pakistan National Shipping Corporation
Pod sähköinen ruoripotkuri esim Azipod
POD Port of Delivery
PPI Plan Position Indicator tavallinen tutkanäyttö
 
PRISCO Russia's Primorsk Shipping Corporation
PRS Polish Register of Shipping luokituslaitos erotettiin IACS:stä
PSA Polish Shipowners' Association, Puolan ulkomaanliikenteen organisaatio
PSA Port of Singapore Authority
PSC Port Community Systems Port community partners' networks type
PSC Port State Control vastaa Coast Guard tarkastusta VSCG
PSSA Particularly Sensitive Sea Area esim Itämeri
PSV Platform Supply Vessels
Raakaöljyalus raakaöljytankkeri, säiliöalus, joka kuljettaa raakaöljyä
Radar Assisted Collision tutkan käytön alkuaikoina ollut onnettomuustyyppi. Meriteiden säännöt eivät tunteneet tutkaa
RAI Rauman ammatti-instituutti
RBT Rotterdam Bulk Terminal = EBS European Bulk Service + Maja Stevedoring
RCC Royal Caribbean Cruises
RCI Royal Caribbean International, cruise industry
RCL Regional Container Lines, South-East Asian feeder specialist
RCL Renaissance Cruise Line
RCO Recognised Security Officer draws up security plans problem flag states have to contend with
REALISE Regional Action for Logistical Integration of Shipping across Europe AMRIEn koordinoima lähimerenkulun telemaattinen verkosto
Repaircon Shiprepair contracts
RFA UK Royal Fleet Auxiliary
RIAB Rescue International AB, Trelleborg
RIB Rigid Inflatable Boat = FRB Fast Rescue Boat
RMPM Rotterdam Municipal Port Management
RNLI Royal National Lifeboat Institution Englannin vapaaehtoinen meripelastus
ROC Royal Olympic Cruise Lines
RoLo Rolling freight - Side-loading system
RO-RO Roll on roll off aluksen lasti siirretään alukseen ja aluksesta lauttavaunuilla perä- tai keuluramppia käyttäen
Rosthålk ruosteruusu, ruostepurkki, Rustbucket of the Month Paris MOU:n valitsema
ROV remote operated vehicle kauko-ohjattava robotti tai sukellusvene
RPSI Royal Ports Service Inc
RS Russian Maritime Register
RSOs Recognised Security Organisations, varustamot delegoivat laivaturvallisuuden
RTGs rubber-tyred gantries
RWW Round-the-World Westbound
RÖF Redarnas Ömsesidiga Försäkringsbolag
S & P Standard and Poor's Rating Agency
S & P Sale and Purchase (ships)
SAECS Southern Africa Europe Container Service
SAGIT Säkring Av Gods I Trafik
SAJ Shipbuilders' Association of Japan
SAL Helsingin satama, nykyisin HelSa
Salk Satamalautakunta
SALSA Schenker's application for logistics in sea and airfreight
SAMP Ship's Average Movement Position optimizes and simplifies trim and heeling
SARRAH Search and Rescue, Resuscitation and Rewarming in Accidental Hypothermia
SAS System of Active Stability akatiivinen ajovakauden hallintajärjestelmä
Satamamestari Satamissa alusten sijoittaminen satamaan yhdessä satamaoperaattorin kanssa, aluspalvelusta, aluksen kiinnitys, irroituspalvelu
SATCOM Satellite communications
SBL Shore Based Pilotage tukiluotsaus, jos aluksessa ei ole tutkaa tai se ei toimi kunnolla voidaan navigoinissa auttaa rannalta käsin
SBMA The Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority
SCCT Suez Canal Container Terminal
SCI Shipping Corps of India one of the biggest state controlled companies of the world
SCIA United States Sea Carrier Initiative Agreement (European MOU, Suomen MOU)
SCL Spanish Cruise Line espanjalainen varustamo
SCOPIC special compensation P&I clause would allow salvors to contract out of the special compensation provisions of Lloyd's open form and apply the new scheme at any time of their choosing regardless the circumstances
SCR Shipowner Casualty Representatives
SCS Safety and Cargo System
SCT Southampton Container Terminal
SCU Seabulk Cape Unloader, midstream floating platform for cape-size bulk carriers
Scuba Self-contained underwater breathing apparatus. The diver breathes compressed air from one or two tanks
SCUSY Simulation of Container Handling Systems
SEA Ship Event Analysis LR: käyttää rekisteriä pohjana luokitussääntöihin
SEPI Sociedad Estatel de Participaciones EASA 's only shareholder Astilleros Espanoles SA
SES Ship Earth Station
SEZ Special Economic Zone , Liepaja
SHI Samsung Heavy Industries
Shuttle Tanker lyhyen matkan tankkeri
SHV Steenkolen Haldelsverening + Thyssen Sonnenburg = Euroscrap
SIGCo Shipowners Insurance and Guarantee Company
SIMON Shell Chemical Inventory Management Operation Network
Sirc Seafarers' International Research Centre, Cardiff, tutkii pätevyyskirjojen aitoutta
SIS Star Information Systems
SIS Svensk Internationellt Register
SIT Savannah International Terminal
SFK Norwegian Naval Defence
SHKY Suomen Höyrykoneyhdistys
SLAR Side-Looking Airborne Radar
SLEP Ship Life Extension Programme UK Royal Fleet :ssa
SLHY Suomen laivahistoriallinen yhdistys
SLSMC St. Lawrence Seaway Management Corporation yksityistetty 1998
SMC Safety Management Certificate POCS documents of compliance according to chapter IX
SMC Search and rescue mission co-ordinator meripelastusjohtaja
SMCP Standard Marine Communication Phrases ISF has launched an updated version of computer based ISF Marlin's English language test
SMO Safety Management Overseas (Greece)
SMS Short Message Service, xantic maritime satellite network to deliver mobile ship-to-shore services
SNTG Stolt Nielson Transportation Group
SOL Swedish Orient Lines
SOLAS 74 International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea
SOPEP Ship Oil Pollution Emergency Plan SOLAS vaatimusten mukaan laaditut luonnonsuojelun hätätilanteen toimintaohjeet
SPC Shortsea Promotion Centre, Pori
SPC Spare Part Catalogue
SPO Spare Part Ordering
Spot-liikenne lyhytaikainen aikarahtaus -liikenne
Spot-rahtitaso hetkellisen markkinahinnan rahtaus
Spot-reitit reitit jolle aluksia aikarahdataan hetkelliseen markkinahintaan
SPS Salalah Port Services, Oman
SPS Sandwich Plate System for strenghthening side doors and ramps in bulkers
SRR Search and rescue region pelastustoimen vastuualue
SRS Search and rescue sub-region meripelastuslohko
SRS Ship Reportig System (GOFREP)
SRU Search and rescue unit etsintä- ja pelastusyksikkö
SSA Ship Security Assessment, alusten turva-arviointi
SSA Shipbuilders' and Shiprepairers' Association
SSA Swedish Shipowners' Association
SSOs Ship Security Officers
SSP Siemens-Schottel Propulsion pod- tyyppinen potkuri
SSPA Statens SkeppsProvningsAnstalt; Swedish National Shipbuilding and ShipResearch Institute, Gothenburg, STCW Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping convention
SSS Short Sea Shipping lähimerenkulku
SST Semi-submersible transhipper
SSWHY Suomen sisävesihistoriallinen yhdistys
STCW International Convention on Standard of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping
STO-RO Stowable ro-ro aluksen lasti siirretään alukseen ja aluksesta lauttavaunuilla, vaunut puretaan ja lasti ahdetaan ruumaan trukeilla. Vaunut ja trukit poistetaan aluksesta matkan ajaksi
STORO-SIDE Lasti siirretään alukseen ja aluksesta sekä sivuportteja käyttäen että lauttavaunujen avulla perärampin kautta. Lasti ahdetaan trukeilla. Vaunut poistetaan aluksesta matkan ajaksi
 
Su-Hi Satamalaitoksen urheilukerho ry - Hamnverkets Idrotsklubb rf, Helsinki- Helsingfors
Sub-standard boats laatuvaatimuksia täyttämättömät alukset
Sub-standard-shipowners laivanomistajat ei huolehdi alusten kunnosta
Sweatship forced labour onboard) pakkotyö laivoilla työehdot rikkovat lakien ja sopimusten vähimmäisnormit (> Sweatshop Englannin 1800-luvun pumpuliteollisuus)
SVT Suomen Venetarkastajat, hyväksyttyjen venetrakastajien järjestö
SWL Safe Working Load
SWS Shanghai Waigaoqiao Shipbuilding
T&E Tschudi Eitzen Group Varustamo > TESMA
TACA Trans-Atlantic Conference Agreement
TAGS Atlantic Ground Fish Strategy sought to move people out of commercial fishing in an attempt to stop species decline
Tamara Transport and Maritime Arbitration Association, Holland, established 1988 in Rotterdam by Dutch Maritime Lawyers and int. groups dealing with shipping, transport and international trade IBJ 1, 2001 p. 53
TAV Total Asset Visibility system, works on a simple locking bolt, which acts as the electronic tag for a container
TBL Teknologibedriftenes Landforening Norjan laivanrakennuksen ja insinööriteollisuuden kattojärjestö (Umbrella Organization of Norwegian Engineering industries
TBR Trade Barriers Regulation WTO agreement implemented at EU level
TBT Technology-Based Training
TBT-based paints tribotyltin -based paints, TBT antifoulings
TCA Tank Container Association sulautui ITCO International Tank Container Association kanssa
TCT Turku Container Terminal
TDG Transport of Dangerous Goods
TDI Turkish Maritime Organization
TEN Trans-European Networks
TEN Tsokos Energy Navigation kreikkalainen tankkerivarustamo
Terminaalitraktori vetomestari
TEU Twenty-foot Equivalent Units, konttialusten kuljetuskapasitetti 20 jalan kontteja
TFDS Troms Fykes Damskibsselskap, Hurtigruten -reitin laivojen varustaja, -agentti
TI Tankers International VCCC pool
TICT Trieste International Container Terminal
TIG Tungsten Inert Gas
TINA Transport Infrastructure Needs Assessment
TMM Transportacion Maritima Mexicana
TMT Taiwan Maritime Transport
TOTE Totem Ocean Trailer Express privately owned shipping company, Alaska
TPA Turun Prosessiasennus
TQM Total Quality Management
TRE TransRussiaExpress roroliikenne Lübeck - Pietari, Sassnitz - Mukra ja Baltijsk kautta
TSIS Trans-Siberian Intermodal Service
TSL Traffic Separation Zones in the Gulf of Finland
TSLS Throughout the Ship Lighting System
TSR Tall Ships' Race
TSR Trans-Siperian Railway
TSS Dover Strait Traffic Separation Scheme
TT Club Through Transport Mutual Insurance Association
TTL Transamerica Trailer Leasing One of Europe's largest lessor of trailers and container chassis
TTT Transamerican Trailer Transport TOTE:n emoyritys
TU Toimihenkilöunioni
Tuotealus tuotetankkeri, säiliölaiva, joka kuljettaa öljynjalostustuotteita
TWRA Transpacific Westbound Rate Agreement
UAS United Arab Shipping
UASC United Arab Shipping Co
UBC United Baltic Corporation Ltd Pohjanmeren liikenteen uudelleen organisointi Finnlinesin eroaminen North Sea Liner Conferensista
UECC United European Car Carriers (50% omistaa Walleniusrederierna)
U.I.M. Union Internationale Motonautique, Kansainvälinen moottorivenekerho
UKOOA United Kingdon Offshore Operators' Association
UL Unit Load
ULCC Ultra Large Crude Oil Carrier DW of + 320 000 tons
ULH Suomen Kuorma-autoliiton Ulkomaanliikenteenharjoittajat ry, v:sta 2004 Ulkomaan- ja sopimusliikenteen Kuljetusyrittäjät ry
UMS Unattended Machinery Spaces
UNCLOS United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea
UNS Ugland Nordic Shipping norjalainen varustamo
UPS United Parcel Service Amer. Pikakuljetusyritys
UPS Uninterrupted Power Supply
USMMA United States Merchant Marine Academy
UTM Universale Transversale Mercatorabbildung Mercatorin projektio
WAAS Wide Area Augmentation System USA:n viranomaiset yhdistää differentiaalimajakat verkkoon, jossa korjaukset lähetetään kommunikaatiosatelliitin kautta Täten korjaukset läpäisevät ilmastolliset häiriöt ja korjaa sattellittietäisyyksien monitievirheet
VAN Value Added Networks Port community partners' networks type
VAPU Veneilijäaputoimikunta
Varastotaljari tarkastaa tavaran määrän, sijainnin ja syöttää tiedot tietokoneelle
WASA Waves and Storms in the North Atlantic EU:n P.- Atlantin myrskyjä tutkiva työryhmä
WBLI Wilson Butler Lodge Incorporated multi-disciplinary firm with a speciality in theater architecture (Eagle-class + Millenium -class cruise ships)
WCO World Customs Organisation
WCS Worldwide Clearance System tullausjärjestelmä
WCSARA West Coast of South America Rate Agreement
WCWC West Coast Waterfront Coalition, a group of more than 50 companies and trade associations representing shippers, transportation, providers, terminal operators etc in US West Coast ports
VDR Black box Voyager Data Recorder musta laatikko
WHMIS Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System, Canada
Vianayard Estaleiros de Viana do Castelo portugalilainen telakka
VISA Voluntary Intermodal Sealift Agreement kauppalaivasto on alistettava väliaikaisesti puolustusvoimien käyttöön
VLBC Very Large Bulk Carrier DW of 120 000 -250 000 tons
VLCC Very Large Crude Carrier crude oil tanker with DW of 160 000 -320 000 tons
WLCL World's Leading Cruise Lines marketing alliance (Cunard, Costa, CCL, Windstar, Hal Seabourna)
VLGC very large gas carrier
VNSI Netherland's Shipbuilding Association
VOCs Volative Organic Compounds
VOSS Vessel Optimisation and Safety System, määritetään paras reitti laivalle
WQIS Water Quality Insurance Syndicate, New York
WSC World Shipping Council
VTE Voltri Terminal Europa, Genoa container operator
VTMIS koostuu kansallisista VTS-järjestelmistä Suomen, Viron ja Venäjän yhteinen hanke merilikenteen seuranta- ja informaatiojärjestelmistä
WTSA Westbound Transpacific Stabilization Agreement
VäPA Väyläpalvelu meripelastusseuroille
VP Vapour Pressure
XICT Xiamen International Container Terminals
YHTALI Vuosaaren satamahankkeen yhteiskuntataloudellinen kannattavuuslaskelma
Yksikköpäästöt esm pakokaasupäästö kuljetettua tavaramäärää kohti gramma/tonnikilometri
Ångskonert kuunariksi takiloitu 2-mastoinen höyryalus
ÖNS Östra Nylands Segelförening

 

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