in English
Physics +PH


Teaching Physics supports the development of scientific thinking and understanding the view of world as part of general education. Teaching guides the student to understand the importance of Physics in everyday life, environment, society, and technology. Students acquire skills to study natural sciences and applied natural sciences. Physics is applied in diverse situations, which advances the equality in education of the students. The importance of Physics in building a sustainable future is emphasized: Physics is needed in developing new technical solutions for securing wellbeing of both environment and humans. The students are guided to take responsibility of their actions and their environment.

With help of teaching the studets' perceptions of concepts of Physics are constructed, ans the student understands them both qualitatively and quantitatively. Interaction between the teacher and students develops logical big picture of studets' earlier experiences, new observations, and viewpoints, toward perception of our universe according to laws of Physics. Teaching guides toward scientific thinking, acquisition and using of information and data, creating ideas, interaction, and evaluation of reliability of information. Information technology (IT) is used in e.g.modelling, conducting experiments, working with simulations, presenting data, and writing research reports.

The base of teaching Physics is observing our surroundings. Experimental work in different forms supports learning and understanding concepts, developing research skills, and perceiving the nature of natural sciences. The experimental work improves skills in working, interaction and co-operation, creative and critical thinking, and inspires studets to learn Physics. As the studies advance, the skills are improved in the topics of the course, and in general. We work according to safety regulations.

Objectives of teaching

The student

  • gets quidance in self-evaluation, setting goals, how to cope with challenges in learning, and applying learning strategies in Physics
  • has opportunities to get acquainted with applying Physics in versatile situations, like nature, business, foundations, or scientific community
  • is able to formulate research questions of the Physical phenomena studied, and develop the questions forward to support and plan experimental work, problem solving, or other activities
  • is able to plan and conduct experimental research in co-operation with other students
  • knows how to process, interpret and present data and results, and evaluate the research process
  • is able to formulate, interpret, and evaluate different models, and use them in describing phenomena and formulating a hypothesis
  • is able to use diverse sources of information, and evaluate critically the reliability of the information based on his/her knowledge of Physics
  • is able to express conclusions and points of view in ways that are characteristic to Physics
  • is able to analyze his/her perception of Physics based on principles and concepts of Physics
  •  understands the nature and developing of scientific knowledge, and is able to use cientific language in presenting information
  • is able to evaluate the importance of Physics and technology for individual and society. 


The assessment of Physics is directed to achieved skills and contents of individual courses. Assessment and feedback during the learning process will help the student to improve and understang his/her skills and knowledge. The grade is based on diverse proof and observing the conceptual and methodological skills and knowledge. Different ways of showing the skills may include oral, mathematical and graph models, and writing reports on experimental work. In addition to assessing the products of work, the process itself may be assessed, e.g. formulating research question, explaining problem solving process, and research skills. The skills in experimental work and acquiring information are included. Some of the exams may be electronical.

Compulsory course

1. Physics as a natural science  (+Ph1)


The student

• gets experiences that inspire and deepen interenst in Physics as a subject

• understands how scientific information is built on experimental activities and modelling the obtained results

• will be able to plan and conduct simple scientific experiments

• gets to know the fundamental concepts of the structure of the Universe and matter, and is able to classify the basic building blocks of the nature

• is able to use and apply basic concepts of motion in everyday life situations

• is able to use IT skills as part of the study process.


Main contents

• The significance of Physics today, in postgraduate studies, and in working life

• getting familiar with fundamental interactions, structure of the Universe and matter

• force as a cause of change in motion, kinematics

• experimental work, and constructing a model based on the observations, constructing scientific information

• collecting data and presenting data in graphs, evaluating the reliability of the results

Supplementary courses:

2. Thermodynamics (+Ph2)



• is able to use and apply thermodyanmical concepts in everyday life situations, environmental issues, issues in society and technology

• is able to research phenomena assiciated with thermodynamical state, and changes of state

• gets a deeper understanding of energy as a fundamental concept in Physics

• develops readiness in taking part in decicion making concerning environment and technology

Main contents

• the importance of Physics in solving problems in production of energy and energy resources, and building a sustainable future

• heat and temperature

• changes of state of ideal gas, thermal expansion , and pressure

• heating up objects and substances, cooling down, phase changes, thermal energy

• mechanical power, efficiency

• conservation of energy in thermodynamics, direction of heat thansfer

• practising research and problem solving

2. Electric currents (+Ph3)



• Is able to use and apply the concepts involving electricity in phenomena in everyday life, society, and technology  

• practices mathematical modelling and using equations

• is able to study experimentally phenomena involving electricity

• is able to use IT skills in studies


Main contents

• the importance of Physics and technology in everyday life and society

• electric current, potential difference, resistance, Ohm's law

• simple DC circuits and Kirchhoff's laws

• electrical power and Joule's law

• capacitor, diode, and LED as components

• electrostatic interaction, Coulomb's law, electric field

• safety involving electricity, building circuits, and studying circuits