Areas of expertise
I graduated in general history in 1997, defended my PhD in 2001 and was granted the tile of Docent in 2004, all at the University of Tampere, Finland. In 2012 I finished my doctoral degree in law, and I was appointed as Associated professor (tenure track) at the School of History, Culture and Arts Studies at the University of Turku, and in 2017 my appointment was confirmed as full professor in European and World History in the University of Turku. Since 2021 autumn, I work only part time due to appointment at the University of Bergen.
I supervise masteral students in European and World History (both masteral seminars and gradu-afternoons).
Rome in the Great Western Schism (1378-1417)” (2019-2023).
In addition to the Middle Ages, I have also been studying the inter-war period, more precisely, the papal diplomacy during the pontificates of Benedict XV and Pius IX. My main figure here has been Eugenio Pacelli (later Pope Pius XII), who was papal nuncius in Germany in 1917-29. This interest was part of a research project financed by the Academy of Finland, Religion, Politics, and Nationalism: The Vatican's Foreign Policy and Nationalistic Tensions in Inter-War Europe (2010-2013).