Keyword: Sociology

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INVEST: Missing Pieces of Welfare State


The Finnish welfare system is a success story enjoying global admiration. However, there is one central deficit in the current welfare system: it does not sufficiently help families with accumulated disadvantages. The goal of the INVEST project’s researchers is to build a Welfare State 2.0 in which disadvantages are tackled with targeted interventions.

Research in Sociology

Research co-operation is carried out in international joint projects, national research projects and in informal research networks between researchers. Our key focus areas include social classes and education; social, economic and over-generational inequalities: population, families and family relationships; marginalisation, societal change, social movements, housing, and health and well-being.


Sociology examines social inequalities and the visible change of communities and society. The topics of study and teaching of sociology in the University of Turku are in particular social classes, education and income differentials and their inheritance, population, families and immigration, marginalisation, housing, health, gender differences, power, political activity and social movements.