FFRC Series

Some of the recent FFRC publications in English 


Ana Maria Jones & Markku Wilenius

Scaled-Up Perspectives in Urban Green for Human-Centered and Livable Urban Cores

FFRC eBOOK 5/2018, Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
62 p. ISBN 978-952-249-504-4 (print), ISBN 978-952-249-506-8 (pdf), ISSN 1797-1322.
This report has been prepared in the frame of the Green-In-TURKU Project; Towards a Greener Urban Future: Investigating Innovative Solutions to Increase Livability in the Inner City-Perspectives for the City of Turku to provide Turku’s city officials with a state-of-the-art update on global greening strategies across European cities and abroad. The report introduces fresh perspectives for how cities are promoting the value in green capital to find solutions to local challenges and it is the first of three reports scheduled for this project. A second report A Study of Green And Open Spaces in Turku has been prepared as part of an in-depth investigation of Turku’s urban structure including past and present developments in the green front, and it will be integrated into the project’s final report and spatial analysis with recommendations for increasing urban vibrancy and livability in the city center of Turku.

Nicolas A. Balcom Raleigh, Laura Pouru, Ellinoora Leino-Richert, Marjukka Parkkinen & Markku Wilenius

Imagining Complex Futures of Human Settlements at Finland Futures Academy Summer School 2017

FFRC eBOOK 3/2018, Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
72 p. ISBN 978-952-249-502-0, ISSN 1797-1322.
This report presents an instance of Futures Literacy Laboratory (FLL) held for the Finland Futures Academy Summer School on the topic of “complex futures of human settlement in 2050” held in June 2017 at University of Turku. The Futures Literacy Laboratory approach was developed by Riel Miller and UNESCO through a series of instances held around the world starting in 2012. In essence, an FLL aims at increasing futures literacy by increasing awareness of anticipatory assumptions and ‘how the future is used’ in the present. This report describes the theoretical background, pedagogical design, practical implementation, and outcomes of this Summer 2017 FLL. It concludes with lessons learns and sugges-tions for future applications of FLL.

Riikka Saarimaa & Markku Wilenius (editors)

Futures of a Complex World - Proceedings of the Conference “Futures of a Complex World”, 12–13 June 2017, Turku, Finland

FFRC eBOOK 2/2018, Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
286 p. ISBN 978-952-249-499-3, ISSN 1797-1322.
”Futures of a Complex World” conference 2017 was a success by all standards. We got record amount of participants - 330 experts from 29 countries - with fascinating array of topics from future of agriculture to new modeling tools. This publication, based on papers presented in the conference, is a token of the fascinating variety of approaches we can adopt while penetrating the future with the tools of our research. As such, it also represents in a splendid way the complexity of our world, embedded with grand challenges as well as fascinating new developments. Complexity science itself proves us that we need particularly two capacities to thrive in the ever more complex world: on the one hand we need to build more resilience into our systems, on the other, we should create new capacities to transform, if necessary. Both aspects are well represented in the articles of this publications.
Eranti, Ashok Kumar & Kaskinen, Juha (editors)

Essays of the study course "Future Sustainable Energy Challenges"

FFRC eBOOK 1/2018, Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
87 p. ISBN 978-952-249-497-9 , ISSN 1797-1322.

Of recent, energy education is acquiring importance in Indian higher education system. As a signatory to many international protocols on reducing carbon emissions, India is obligated to persue alternative sources of energy and awareness building among the masses to meet its global commitments. Once such initiative was undertaken in Solapur University, Maharashtra state, Western India, to introduce a course on “Future Sustainable Energy Challenges”, in collaboration with Finland Futures Research Centre (Turku School of Economics in University of Turku, Finland) under the financial assistance from the Finnish National Agency of Education.

The present book is a collection of essays developed by Master students as project work of their course in Energy Education. There are three essays presented in this book which provide glimpses on Renewable Energy Sources and their potential to meet energy needs of India in a sustainable manner. All the three essays are set in ‘Futures studies perspective‘ and have discussed at length the challenges and limitations through specific case studies on wind, solar, biofuel energy, in the context of India’s energy sector.



Heinonen, Sirkka – Ruotsalainen, Juho & Karjalainen, Joni

Neo-Carbon Energy Societal Scenarios

FFRC eBOOK 10/2017. Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
69 p. ISBN 978-952-249-495-5, ISSN 1797-1322.

This report presents a set of transformative Neo-Carbon Energy scenarios within a societal context. The scenarios describe how society – social relations, culture, values, economy etc. – may change in a renewable energy system. They depict four different avenues and vistas to the world in 2050 where the energy system is decentralised, based almost 100% on renewable energy and prosumeristic citizens play a central role in a peer-to-peer fashion. The scenarios have been constructed within a Tekes-funded research project Neo-Carbon Energy in co-operation with VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Lappeenranta University of Technology (LUT), and Finland Futures Research Centre (FFRC) at University of Turku. The foresight part of the research project explores the futures of an economy based on a new energy system and peer-to-peer society in 2050. The project is one of the strategic research openings of Tekes – the Finnish Funding Agency for Innovation.

The report also provides a list of 10 key recommendations, as a reflection to the scenarios, for various stakeholders in order to prepare for the emerging renewable energy transformation – to proactively surf on the winning side in this futures turbulence. They can be used to support and test strategies and decision-making for the transition towards renewable energy world, as well as to identify game changers – transformative leadership and pioneering actors for making this transformation happen.

The Neo-Carbon Energy world is a radical transformation towards renewable energy and responsible lifestyles. It is a preferred future, empowered by foresight approach and proactive futures creation, resulting in robust futures resilience. 


Heinonen, Sirkka – Honkapuro, Samuli – Karjalainen, Joni – Koljonen, Tiina – Ruotsalainen, Juho & Similä, Lassi

– Ready for Renewables

FFRC eBOOK 11/2017. Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
40 p. ISBN 978-952-249-496-2, ISSN 1797-1322.

Renewables-based Neo-Carbon Vision of the world in 2050 portrays an electrified, resilient and secure society with empowered, prosumeristic citizens who upload their surplus energy into smart grids as well as download energy when needed. The following overview on key insights of the Neo-Carbon Energy project on energy futures helps to frame the academic and societal discourse in the years to come.

Four scenarios assume a social perspective to open up very different avenues as transformative manifestations of this vision. The vision shows the pre-ferred goal – a renewables-based society – while the scenarios outline alternative expressions and pathways towards the desired vision. Finally, the actors that can make this change happen have to be identified and supported, especially in policy-making, and the  role of energy markets re-thought. 


Tapio, Petri – Aalto, Hanna-Kaisa – Höyssä, Maria – Minkkinen, Matti – Siivonen, Katriina – Wilenius, Markku & Arvonen, Anne (eds)

Coolest Student Papers at Finland Futures Research Centre 2016–2017
Tulevaisuuden tutkimuskeskuksen valittuja opiskelijatöitä 2016–2017

FFRC eBOOK 7/2017, Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
201 p. ISBN 978-952-249-479-5, ISSN 1797-1322.

This is the second volume of our Coolest Student Papers series which was launched last year. The collection publishes inspired and inspiring picks from the student essays written by students and student groups in the courses organised by Finland Futures Research Centre (FFRC). The topics range from sustainability issues to corporate foresight, from ethics to methodology, from artificial intelligence to futures consciousness. Some of the essays take a critical stance to projects that have been carried out at the FFRC, which is something we especially wish to support. Independent, constructively critical open deliberation of how futures studies should be carried out is one of the core goals of our education and a key to further development of the courses and the whole field of futures studies.

The volume is divided to sections by the course. Each section begins with an evaluation made by the teacher after which the student essay(s) follow(s). The essays of the courses studied in Finnish language are at the end of the volume. The essays are from the international Master’s Degree Programme of Futures Studies, the Sustainable Development minor and Futures Studies minor offered in Finnish language. Our PhD programme essays are excluded as we expect postgraduates to aim directly at journal articles.


Heinonen, Sirkka – Karjalainen, Joni – Parkkinen, Marjukka – Ruotsalainen, Juho &
Zavialova, Sofia (with Sofi Kurki, Leena-Maija Laurén, Hazel Salminen & Amos Taylor) 

Neo-Carbon Energy Futures Clinique V

FFRC eBOOK 4/2017, Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
150 p. ISBN  978-952-249-477-1, ISSN 1797-1322.
This report describes the process and results of futures clinique Surprising Energy Futures: Anticipating Discontinuities and Testing Resilience of Renewable Energy World with Black Swans, held on 17 May 2017 at Sitra, Helsinki. The event was the fifth futures clinique within the foresight part of the research project Neo-Carbon Enabling Neo-Growth Society – Transformative Scenarios 2050, conducted by Finland Futures Research Centre. The aim of the event was to contribute to the four transformative societal scenarios of Neo-Carbon Energy project. The event consisted of presentations and intermittent working sessions. Dr. Karlheinz Steinmüller discussed the topic of Black Swans and VUCA World, with comments by Prof. Jarno Limnéll.
Heinonen, Sirkka – Vähäkari, Noora & Karjalainen, Joni

FFRC eBOOK 3/2017, Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
63  p. ISBN 978-952-249-476-4, ISSN 1797-1322.
This report presents the results of the “Neo-Carbon Energy World – What Opportunities for Chile?”, a futures clinique organised at the Chilean Intellectual Property Institute INAPI in Santiago de Chile 24th October 2016, jointly by Finland Futures Research Centre of the University of Turku and Consejo Chileno Prospectiva y Estrategia (CChPE). Chile is a case study conducted in the foresight part of the Neo-Carbon Energy project. Chile is a country with robust renewable energy resources, which has received high attention by international investors and has led to a dramatic increase in the uptake of solar energy in the country. Chile is also a pioneer in economic development in Latin America, thanks to its steady political and economic conditions. The country keeps on investing in education to catalyze socio-economic development, but remains underpinned by the deepest inequalities in OECD countries.
Heinonen, Sirkka – Karjalainen, Joni – Parkkinen, Marjukka & Ruotsalainen, Juho
FFRC eBOOK 2/2017, Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku
114 p. ISBN 978-952-249-474-0, ISSN 1797-1322

This report presents the results of an International Symposium "Clean Disruption for Abundant Futures",  which was organised as a futures clinique of the Neo-Carbon Energy project and Summer School of the Finland Futures Academy, as well as Helsinki Node’s Millennium Forum at Museum of Contemporary Arts Kiasma, Helsinki, June 7–8, 2016.

The two-day futures clinique focused on the topics of energy, internet, clean disruption, new organisation practices and futures of communities. The objective of the event was to address possible fu-tures and related societal transition towards the convergence of energy and internet. In the clinique, abundant futures defines the stance towards futures, as ample resources would be available in such a system. This, in turn, affects social relations and communities of the future.

 The clinique generated futures dialogue that consisted of expert lectures, commenting and discus-sion, as well as intermittent working sessions in small groups. The keynote speeches gave input for the group work, where participants probed the abundant futures in six breakout groups. The four transformational scenarios of the Neo-Carbon Energy project were used as material for the groups’ foresight work.

This dialogue and elaborations on abundant futures and renewable energy are documented in this report. Four recurring themes can be identified from the group work. Perhaps the most common is the idea of so-called “post-institutional” future of tribal-like communities. Another frequent theme is the change of the concept of work through i.e. automatisation and hybridisation of work and leisure. The third theme describes immaterial values and the significance of meaningfulness. Finally, the fourth theme identified in the results addresses the possible social drawbacks of the future. Conse-quently, the clean disruption for abundant futures is a cornucopia with huge potential, but by no means automatically only beneficial. Critical mindset is needed both for the decision phase and implementation ways of clean disruptive technologies, practices, lifestyles, and regulation.

Heinonen, Sirkka  Karjalainen, Joni Helle, Aino & Nisula, Sakari

Argentinian Energy Landscapes
Case Study of the Neo-Carbon Energy Project

FFRC eBOOK 12/2016. Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku. 
84 p. ISBN 978-952-249-469-6, ISSN 1797-1322.

This report is a country study of Argentina of the foresight part of Neo-Carbon Energy project. In this research project, a new renewable energy based energy production, storage system and prod-ucts are being developed by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Lappeenranta University of Technology (LUT) and University of Turku, Finland Futures Research Centre (FFRC). In the neo-carbon system, energy is produced mainly by solar and wind technologies, can be stored into various forms, and fossil-based products are substituted with synthetic processes based on renewable electricity. These processes are also called power-to-X technologies.

Energy futures do not only concern energy production technologies because an energy transition affects the whole-of-society. The future energy system and energy landscape are influenced by people’s values and lifestyles. Therefore, it is important to explore different scenarios of how neo-carbon energy system can affect a society, businesses, individual’s lives and relationships. In this case study, Argentina’s renewable energy futures are explored and discussed. The study also presents results of an expert survey and explores the potential of neo-carbon energy solutions in Argentina.



Ruotsalainen, Juho Heinonen, Sirkka Karjalainen, Joni Parkkinen, Marjukka Laurén, Leena-Maija & Salminen, Hazel

The Fuzzy Futures of Neo-Carbon Work
Neo-Carbon Futures Clinique II

FFRC eBOOK 11/2016. Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.  
72 p. ISBN 978-952-249-468-9, ISSN 1797-1322.

This report documents and analyses the results of a Neo-Carbon Futures Clinique held at Hotel President in Helsinki 13 April 2016. At the Futures Clinique workshop groups anticipated possible futures of peer-to-peer work that is self-organised by the workers. The Futures Clinique is part of the Neo-Carbon Energy research project. The foresight part of the project is concerned with studying the futures of peer-to-peer societies enabled by the proposed Neo-Carbon energy system. Such a system would be a distributed, renewable energy system that empowers citizens by providing them with cheap, clean and abundant energy and materials. In this project, possible futures of a peer-to-peer society are studied through four scenarios (Heinonen et al. 2016), which provided the framework also for this Futures Clinique.

The results of the Futures Clinique were summarised and refined into seven categories, each illuminating different aspects of the possible futures of peer-to-peer work. Common to the categories is the strengthening of values other than economic as the main drivers in economy and society. 


Apostol, Oana

Sustainability Best Practices.
Benchmarking Results of the SUSTIS Project.

FFRC eBOOK 10/2016. Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.  
76 p. ISBN 978-952-249-425-2, ISSN 1797-1322.

This study has been conducted as part of the Sustainability and Transparency in Shipbuilding Networks (SUSTIS) project in order to benchmark sustainability practices extant in industries that share similar characteristics with shipbuilding industry. The information provided by this study is intended to be used during the mapping of sustainability arguments and eventual implementation of sustainability within the targeted company.

Heikkilä, Katariina

Perspectives to Sustainability in the Shipbuilding Network.
Interview Results of the SUSTIS Project.

FFRC eBOOK 9/2016. Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.  
17 p. ISBN 978-952-249-424-5, ISSN 1797-1322.

Sustainability and Transparency in Shipbuilding Networks (SUSTIS) project concentrates on collecting, combining, and utilization of sustainability information of materials and manufacturing processes for creating sustainability based value in shipbuilding. The purpose is to seek and define possible sustainability indicators in the life cycle of the ship.

This interview report belongs to the first phase of the project. The target of the interviews was to create an overview of how different actors in the shipbuilding industry understand the dimensions of sustainability issues currently and what are the possibilities and challenges to promote the use of sustainability information in the near future among the different actors in the value chain. 

Kurki, Sofi – Pura, Minna & Wilenius, Markku

New Ways to Work: The Case of Reaktor

FFRC eBOOK 8/2016. Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku. 
36 p. ISBN 978-952-249-413-9, ISSN 1797-1322.

The Human Being and Value in the Sixth Wave (HUVA) project investigates organisations that are the harbingers of a new way not only to survive, but flourish in this new era of work. The main research case has been a Finnish IT-consulting company Reaktor that has pioneered a uniquely human-centric organisation model. Their approach to organising has resulted from a conscious, systematic effort to break from old ways of running a business, in order to create ways of organising that offer both high-level performance, quality in customer service, as well as worker satisfaction and fulfilment. It is due to these factors that Reaktor has been repeatedly chosen to be the best place to work, not only in Finland, but also in Europe.

In this report the study and its findings are presented. First, as motivation for the study, the writers contextualise the ongoing change into the historical shifts that have influenced organisations in the past, and then they try to give shape to the current emerging era with the demands, and opportunities that shape organising as a human endeavour. In chapters three to five the study is presented in detail: the research settings, and the results, as well interpretations of them. At the end of the report there are recommendations to other organisations that would like to learn from Reaktor’s way of operating.  

Höyssä, Maria – Aalto, Hanna-Kaisa – Kurki, Sofi – Minkkinen, Matti – Siivonen, Katriina – Söderlund, Sari – Tapio, Petri  – Wilenius, Markku & Arvonen, Anne (eds)

Coolest Student Papers at Finland Futures Research Centre 2015–2016. Tulevaisuuden tutkimuskeskuksen valittuja opiskelijatöitä 2015–2016.

FFRC eBOOK 6/2016, Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
184 p. ISBN 978-952-249-423-8, ISSN 1797-1322.

Welcome to read inspired and inspirational picks from Finland Future Research Centre’s students papers from the study year 2015–16. With this publication, we at the FFRC want to create a channel for making visible the hard work, academic talent and creativity featured in our courses.  

This Special Issue covers six courses from the international Master’s Degree Programme in Futures Studies (FUTU), two courses organised by Finland Futures Academy (FFA) (taught in Finnish), and the interdisciplinary teamwork course of Sustainability Studies (KEKO) (includes both English and Finnish speaking teams). FUTU, FFA and KEKO studies are all coordinated by the FFRC. In this Special Issue each course forms its own section with an introduction by the teacher(s), followed by the papers. 



Heikkilä, Katariina

Sustainability Studies in Universities – Review on Study Modules of Sustainable Development and Responsible Business in Finnish and some European Universities.

FFRC eBOOK 13/2015. Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
66 p. ISBN 978-952-249-408-5, ISSN 1797-1322.

Heinonen, Sirkka – Balcom Raleigh, Nicolas – Karjalainen, Joni – Minkkinen, Matti – Parkkinen, Marjukka & Ruotsalainen, Juho

Causal Layered Analysis Game on Neo-Carbon Energy Scenarios

FFRC eBOOK 12/2015. Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
112 p. ISBN 978-952-249-403-0, ISSN 1797-1322.

Hietanen, Olli – Nurmi, Timo & Heikkilä, Katariina

The Visions for the Fur Industry.

FFRC eBOOK 11/2015. Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
22 p. ISBN 978-952-249-402-3, ISSN 1797-1322.
Publication is available on a request: liisa.hakola(a)

Heinonen, Sirkka & Balcom Raleigh, Nicolas

Continuous Transformation and Neo-Carbon Energy Scenarios.

FFRC eBOOK 10/2015. Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
67 p. ISBN 978-952-249-401-6, ISSN 1797-1322.

Hietanen, Olli – Nurmi, Timo & Heikkilä, Katariina

The Visions for the Saga Furs.

FFRC eBOOK 9/2015. Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
19 p. ISBN 978-952-249-400-9, ISSN 1797-1322.
Publication is available on a request: liisa.hakola(a)

Heinonen, Sirkka – Karjalainen, Joni & Ruotsalainen, Juho

Towards the third industrial revolution.
NEO-CARBON ENERGY project Future Clinique I ”Creating the Third Industrial Revolution” 6.5.2015

FFRC eBook 6/2015. Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
74 p. ISBN  978-952-249-394-1, ISSN 1797-1322.

Taylor, Amos – Heinonen, Sirkka – Ruotsalainen, Juho & Parkkinen, Marjukka

Highlighting Media & Journalism  Futures 2030. Survey on Weak Signals and Emerging Issues.

FFRC eBOOK 3/2015. Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
46 p. ISBN 978-952-249-393-4, ISSN 1797-1322. 

Karhunmaa, Kamilla – Pitkänen, Outi & Tuominen, Visa

Assessing the Co-Benefits of Household Energy Technology Carbon Offset Projects

FFRC eBOOK 5/2015. Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
86 p. ISBN 978-952-249-392-7, ISSN 1797-1322.  

Luukkanen, Jyrki – Kuria, Peter – Käkönen, Mira – Karhunmaa, Kamilla – Karjalainen, Joni – Warah,  Rasna – Msoka, Colman & Toroskainen, Kaisa

Development Futures in Kenya and Tanzania Beyond 2015

FFRC eBOOK 1/2015.  Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
153 p. ISBN 978-952-249-304-0, ISSN 1797-1322.
Hatakka, Aino & Vehmas, Jarmo (editors)

Proceedings of the Conference “Sustainable Futures in a Changing Climate”,
11–12 June 2014, Helsinki, Finland

FFRC eBOOK 2/2015. Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
427 p. ISBN 978-952-249-303-3, ISSN 1797-1322.  

Tuomas Kuhmonen 

Rural Futures

FFRC-PUBLICATIONS 1/2015, Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku, 34 p. ISBN 978-952-249-302-6 (pdf), ISBN 978-952-249-301-9 (book), ISSN 1797-1284. Price 20 €. 


Jari Kaivo-oja, Sari Jusi, Jyrki Luukkanen, Juha Panula-Ontto & Khamso Kouphokham
FFRC eBooks 11/2014. Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
176 p. ISBN 978-952-249-284-5.

Jari Kaivo-oja
FFRC eBooks 6/2014. Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
55 p. ISBN 978-952-249-279-1.

Mira Käkönen, Hanna Kaisti and Jyrki Luukkanen

Energy Revolution in Cuba: Pioneering for the Future? 

FFRC eBooks 4/2014. Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
39 p.  978-952-249-276-0.  

Joni Karjalainen, Mira Käkönen, Jyrki Luukkanen and Jarmo Vehmas

Energy Models and Scenarios in the Era of Climate Change. Briefing Report.

FFRC eBooks 3/2014. Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
92 p.  978-952-249-275-3.




Hanna Heino

Utilisation of Wave Power in the Baltic Sea Region 

FFRC eBOOK 9/2013. Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
43 p. ISBN 978-952-249-272-2.

Nina Jentl & Juha Kaskinen (editors)

To be Young! Youth and the Future. Proceedings of the Conference “To be Young! Youth and the Future”, 6–8 June 2012, Turku, Finland

FFRC eBOOK 8/2013. Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
143 p. ISBN 978-952-249-266-1.

Visa Tuominen, Tytti Pasanen, Ilkka Keskiväli, Hanna Lakkala, Orkide Akgün, Jyrki Luukkanen, Jari Kaivo-oja & Juha Panula-Ontto

Energy, Environment and Livelihoods in the Lao PDR. Results from a 2011 Household Survey

FFRC eBOOK 5/2013. Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku. 
164 p. ISBN 978-952-249-261-6.

Käkönen, Mira – Karhunmaa, Kamilla – Bruun, Otto – Kaisti, Hanna – Tuominen, Visa – Thuon, Try & Luukkanen, Jyrki

Climate Mitigation in the Least Carbon Emitting Countries.
Dilemmas of Co-benefits in Cambodia and Laos

FFRC eBOOK 3/2013. Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
121 p. ISBN 978-952-249-257-9.

Heinonen, Sirkka & Ruotsalainen, Juho

Energy Futures 2030. Toward the Neo-Growth paradigm of the Sixth-Wave Era.

FFRC eBOOK 1/2013, Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku. 
69 p. ISBN 978-952-249-150-3.


Heinonen, Sirkka & Ruotsalainen, Juho

Energy Futures 2030. Toward the Neo-Growth paradigm of the Sixth-Wave Era.

FFRC eBOOK 1/2013, Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
69 p. ISBN 978-952-249-150-3.
Wilenius, Markku & Kurki, Sofi

FFRC eBOOK 10/2012, Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
124 p. Second edition. ISBN 978-952-249-148-0.

Khanthapath, Bouasavanh – Lakkala, Hanna & Luukkanen, Jyrki

Interlinkages between Energy, Environmental Changes and Livelihoods in Laotian Households. Findings from 14 Focus Group Discussions.

FFRC eBOOK 9/2012, Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
47 p. ISBN 978-952-249-147-3. 

Luukkanen, Jyrki – Kouphokham, Khamso – Panula-Ontto, Juha – Kaivo-oja, Jari –Korkeakoski, Mika – Vehmas, Jarmo – Tuominen, Visa – Jusi, Sari – Pasanen, Tytti & Lakkala, Hanna

Future Energy Demand in Laos. Scenario Alternatives for Development.

FFRC eBOOK 8/2012, Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
55 p. 978-952-249-145-9.

Vehmas, Jarmo – Luukkanen, Jyrki – Kaivo-oja, Jari – Panula-Ontto Juha & Allievi, Francesca

Key Trends of Climate Change in the ASEAN Countries. The IPAT Decomposition Analysis 1980–2005.

FFRC eBooks 5/2012, Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
26 p. ISBN 978-952-249-142-8. 

inel, Nufar & Tapio, Petri
FFRC eBooks 1/2012, Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku.
41 p. ISBN 978-952-249-135-0. 


FFRC-eBooks 1/2011:
Turunen, Jenny - Snäkin, Juha-Pekka - Panula-Ontto, Juha - Lindfors, Heikki - Kaisti, Hanna - Luukkanen, Jyrki - Magistretti, Stefano & Mang, Chinda (2011) Livelihood Resilience and Food Security in Cambodia. Results from a Household Survey. 81 s. ISBN 978-952-249-062-9.

FFRC-eBooks 5/2011:
Auffermann, Burkhard & Kaskinen, Juha (editors) (2011) Security in Futures - Security in Change. Proceedings of the Conference “Security in Futures – Security in Change", 3-4 June 2010, Turku, Finland. 325 s. ISBN 978-952-249-063-6.

FFRC-eBooks / TUTU-eJulkaisuja 7/2011:
Lauttamäki, Ville (ed./toim.) (2011) Peeks into the Future - Kurkistuksia tulevaisuuteen. Stories of Possible Futures Written for Kooste sivustolle syötetyistä tulevaisuustarinoista. 71 s. ISBN 978-952-249-121-3.

FFRC-eBooks 8/2011:
Kaivo-oja, Jari (2011) Futures of Innovation Systems and Systematic Innovation Systems: Towards Better Innovation Quality with New Innovation Management Tools. 28 s. ISBN 978-952-249-126-8.

FFRC-eBooks 10/2011:
Myllylä, Yrjö - Sajeva, Maurizio - Kaivo-oja, Jari & Aho, Samuli (2011) iKnow Delphi 2.0 / National Survey - Country Report Finland. iKnow Project – Word Package 5. 124 s. ISBN 978-952-249-128-2.

FFRC-eBooks 11/2011:
Kauppinen, Veli-Matti - Kaivo-oja, Jari & Aho, Samuli (2011) Building the Future of European Life-Long Learning Strategies and Policies: Defining Critical Key Drivers of Lifelong Learning in Europe. 25 s. ISBN 978-952-249-129-9.

FFRC eBOOK 15/2011:
Lakkala, Hanna & Vehmas, Jarmo (eds) (2011) Trends and Future of Sustainable Development. Proceedings of the Conference "Trends and Future of Sustainable Development", 9–10 June 2011, Tampere, Finland. 549 p. ISBN 978-952-249-131-2. Revisited 10 Oct 2013.