The Climate Discussion on Transport (CAST) - An Interdisciplinary Environmental Analysis
The Climate Discussion of Transport (CAST) project will analyse 1) the EU climate and energy package in the context of the Finnish discussion of transport policy and 2) the national CO2 based car tax reform that was enacted last year in order to reach a reduction of transport carbon dioxide emissions. The research objective can be expressed in three questions: 1) How will the two policies affect Finnish transport CO2 emissions now and in the future? 2) What kind of ecological, economic, technical, social and cultural aspects are addressed in the discussion of the two policies? 3) How are the international objectives and targets reflected and discussed in the national level?
Three types of materials will be combined in the project. First, an analysis of national transport and emission statistics 2009-2010 will reveal the possible short term effect in terms of emissions. Second, a Delphi study on transport experts’ and interest groups’ views will provide estimates of the effects in relation to the EU targets and an evaluation of the importance of various factors affecting future transport emissions. An analysis of the mass media material shows how these issues are modified and represented in public debates. Together the three analyses will provide an improved understanding of the implications of the two climate policy initiatives for both the emissions and the public discussion on transport.
The CAST project aims at interdisciplinary understanding by analysing the problem with a holistic Environmental Protection Process (EPP) framework developed by the team. Causal (‘because of’), teleological (‘in order to’) and contextual (‘within’) dynamics will be identified between the factors affecting transport carbon dioxide emissions and affected by the policies aimed at reducing the emissions. The project is also transdisciplinary, since it expands the knowledge production community from academic researchers to interest groups and the wider public as well.
The CAST project is funded by the Academy of Finland during 2009-2012. Researchers at the CAST project are part of the FIDEA group.


Petri Tapio, FFRC (leader)
Vilja Varho, FFRC
Katri Huutoniemi, FFRC
Jari Lyytimäki, Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE)

Advisory Group:

David Banister, University of Oxford
Julie Thompson Klein, Wayne State University
Eeva Furman, SYKE
Risto Willamo, University of Helsinki

Publications (update 6/2012):

Refereed journal articles:

  • Nygrén, Nina, Lyytimäki, Jari & Tapio, Petri (2012) A small step toward environmentally sustainable transport? The media debate over the Finnish carbon dioxide-based car tax reform. Transport Policy 24: 159-167.
  • Varho, V., and P. Tapio. (2012) Combining the qualitative and quantitative with the Q2 scenario technique – The case of transport and climate. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, Article in Press.
  • Lyytimäki Jari, Assmuth Timo, Tapio Petri (2012) Unawareness in environmental protection: The case of light pollution from traffic. Land Use Policy 29: 598-604. DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2011.10.002
  • Tapio, P., Paloniemi, R., Varho, V. & Vinnari, M. (2011) The unholy marriage? Integrating qualitative and quantitative information in Delphi processes. Technological Forecasting & Social Change 78: 1616-1628.Schultz, L. &
  • Tapio, P. 2011. Kulutuskriittinen kohtuullisuus tarveteorioiden valossa. Alue ja ympäristö 40(1): 3-16. [The sufficiency strategy of consumption in the light of need theories.]Lyytimäki, Jari (2011) Hitting the Headlines and Falling Down Again: Newspaper Coverage of Climate Change in Finland. In: Blanco Huan and Kheradmand Houshang, (eds). Climate change - Socioeconomic effects. InTech, Rijeka. Pp 441-454.
  • Lyytimäki, Jari (2011) Mainstreaming climate policy: the role of media coverage. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 16(6): 649-661. DOI: 10.1007/s11027-011-9286-x
  • Lyytimäki Jari (2010) Naurua ilmassa: Koominen vähättely ilmastotutkimusta käsittelevässä verkkokeskustelussa. [In Finnish: Laughter in the air: Downplaying with comical argumentation in a web debate on climate research.] Kulttuurintutkimus 27(2): 17-29.
  • Berninger, K., Tapio, P., Lehtonen, M. & Willamo, R. (2009) Une approche par problèmes pour les sciences de l'environnement. Environments - revue d'études interdisciplinaires 36(2): 1-18.
  • Lyytimäki, Jari & Tapio, Petri (2009) Climate change as reported in the press of Finland: From screaming headlines to penetrating background noise. International Journal of Environmental Studies 66(6): 723-735. DOI: 10.1080/00207230903448490

Other scientific publications

  • Joki, Laura (2012) Suomen henkilöautoliikenteen tulevaisuus. Skenaarioita vuoteen 2030. Tutu eJulkaisuja 6/2012. Tulevaisuuden tutkimuskeskus, Turun yliopisto. 67 s.
  • Lyytimäki, Jari (2012) The environment in the headlines. Newspaper coverage of climate change and eutrophication in Finland. Academic dissertation. Edita, Helsinki.
  • Tuominen, A., Järvi, T., Wahlgren, I., Mäkelä, K., Tapio, P., Varho, V. (2012) Ilmastonmuutoksen hillinnän toimenpidekokonaisuudet liikennesektorilla vuoteen 2050 - Baseline-kehitys, Urbaani syke vai Runsaudensarvi? Liikenne- ja viestintäministeriön julkaisuja 15/2012.
  • Varho, V., Tapio, P. & Nygrén, N. (2012) Skenaarioita Suomen liikennesektorin tulevaisuudesta. Tulevaisuuden näkymiä 1/2012. Painossa.
  • Varho, V. & Tapio, P. (2011) Ympäristöpolitiikan haasteet liikennesektorille. Futura 30(3): 28-34.
  • Tapio, P., Varho, V., Järvi, T., Nygrén, N. & Tuominen, A. (2011) Liikennepolitiikan ilmasto - Baseline-kehitys sekä asiantuntijoiden ja nuorten visiot liikenteen hiilidioksidipäästöistä vuoteen 2050. Liikenne- ja viestintäministeriön julkaisuja 19/2011.
  • Varho, V. & Joki, L. (2010) Suomen liikennesektorin tulevaisuus. Ensimmäisen Delfoi-kierroksen perusteluja. Tutu e-julkaisuja 7/2010. Tulevaisuuden tutkimuskeskus, Turun yliopisto. 20 s.

Conference presentations:


 ​Further information:

Petri Tapio
Vilja Varho
Katri Huutoniemi
Finland Futures Research Centre