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Collectivity Honour and Family. Between Preventive Measures and Criminal Law

The symposium is organized by the research project “Collective Gendered Violence from Preventive and Punitive Perspective”, lead by Satu Lidman and Tuuli Hong. The project aims at interdisciplinary discussions on violence by combining the approaches of criminal law, human rights, and preventative aspects. Visit research project webpage: www.lidman.fi/project.html 

Schedule: on Thursday the 6th of April 2017, at 1–5 pm
Venue: University of Turku Faculty of Law, DataCity auditorio (Lemminkäisenkatu 14–18).
Costs: participation is free.
Registration: there is no formal registration for this event, but to make sure we have enough coffee for everyone, we kindly ask you to let us know by April the 3rdif you are coming (see email-addresses below).  

Programme

​1.15 ​Opening words and introduction
Tuuli Hong & Satu Lidman (University of Turku Faculty of law)
​1.30 ​Lecture 1:
Honour-related crimes, a new challenge for the Finnish police?
Jenny Lehtinen (Helsinki Police Department)
​2.15 Lecture 2:
Policing Honour Based Violence in the UK
Angie Marriott (Diversity Employment Solutions Ltd, UK)
​3.00 ​Coffee break
​3.30 ​Lecture 3:
Masculinity, ethnicity and intersectionality – Heuristic devices, or analytic muddle? 
Thomas Walle (The Museum Foundation of Sogn & Fjordane County, Norway)
4.15 General discussion:
commentator Elina Pirjatanniemi (Åbo Akademi University, Turku)
5.00 Day ends
 

Speakers

Jenny Lehtinen, senior detective constable, Helsinki Police Department (special unit for investigation of domestic violence).

Honour-related crimes, a new challenge for the Finnish police?

By law, the main tasks of the Finnish Police are to prevent and investigate crimes. To successfully do so, the Police needs, among other things, knowledge on how criminal deeds and behavior occur. It is also highly useful to understand the dynamics of different types of crime. 

The investigation of honour-related crimes is not nationally organized in Finland, which means that the local police departments – as well as smaller units within these different departments – decide independently how to arrange the investigation of such crimes. In Helsinki Police Department the honor-related violence is primarily investigated in a special unit, which focuses on investigating domestic violence and crimes within the family.

The Ministry of the Interior concluded in their report in 2011 that the Finnish authorities need to be educated in order to recognize honor-related crimes and thereby be able to undertake the right measurements in the investigation. Yet, and as the lecture argues, these issues are still among the biggest challenges for the Finnish Police today.

Angie Marriott, LLB Hons. MSc., registered nurse, Diversity Employment Solutions Ltd.

Policing Honour Based Violence in the UK

The prevalence of honour based violence (HBV) is currently on the increase in the UK. Statistics between 2010–2014 revealed that 11,000 HBV crimes were recorded (HMIC, 2014). In addition, there are about 12 honour related killings each year. As a consequence of two high profile HBV murder cases, the case of Shafilea Ahmed, and Banaz Mahmod, media interest has heightened here in the UK. HBV is receiving the attention it deserves, and remains a priority on the UK political and social agenda.

Police failings arising from the death of Banaz Mahmod led to improvement in the overall management of HBV and forced marriage (FM) by the police. The emergence of the Assistant Chief Police Constable (ACPO) honour based violence strategy was designed and implemented to improve police handling of HBV related crimes.

This presentation examines and critiques the cases of Banaz Mahmod and Shafilea Ahmed. It explores the evolvement and development of UK policy and legislation. It will then go on to consider policy and legislation developed within the framework of gender based violence in the UK by critiquing its overall effectiveness. Finally, examples of good practice will be presented that include the endorsement of multi-agency partnership working and scrutiny of interventions that are effective and deliver positive outcomes for potential victims and survivors.

Thomas Walle, PhD, The Museum Foundation of Sogn & Fjordane County.

Masculinity, ethnicity and intersectionality – Heuristic devices, or analytic muddle?

In my talk, I will look critically into some concepts that are central in research, policies and programmes aimed at understanding and countering violence. Drawing on my research among Pakistani descendants in Norway, and experience gathered from various positions promoting gender equality, I will discuss how these concepts may bring our work further, and whether there are risks of essentialisation. What do we set out to understand when masculinity is employed as analytic tool, and what escapes analysis when gender identification is seen as a consequence of ethnicity? Is intersectionality, with its analytic focus on discrimination and oppression, well suited as a perspective to engage men and boys in equality work? Or should we rethink the concept, putting structural privileging at the centre? While no definite solutions are given, my hope is that the talk will stimulate an inspiring conversation about important issues. 

Commentator

Elina Pirjatanniemi is professor of constitutional and international law and director of the Institute for Human Rights at the Åbo Akademi University in Turku, Finland. Her research interests include especially asylum and migration law, human rights in the context of criminal justice, human rights and societal change as well as the relationship between domestic and international law.

 

Contact

tujrant@utu.fi and sahelid@utu.fi

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