Mikko Kainulainen profile picture
Teacher, Department of Teacher Education (Turku)
Project Researcher, Department of Teacher Education (Turku)


+358 29 450 3605
+358 50 324 3419

Areas of expertise

conceptual change
epistemic cognition
history education


My PhD project looks at domain-specific epistemic practices and conceptual understanding in the context of expertise in academic history. I am interested in questions such as these:

  • How do historians’ and history majors’ conceptualizations of “what is history” change along the developmental trajectory towards expertise in history?
  • What are the epistemic practices through which academic history is produced?
  • What are the criteria through which experts evaluate historical works?
  • How and why are certain fragments of the past chosen as worthy of historical research?


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