Simon Chapman profile picture
Simon
Chapman
Doctoral Candidate, Ecology and Evolution Biology
Doctoral Student, Department of Biology
MBiolSci

Contact

Vesilinnantie 5
20500
Turku

Areas of expertise

evolutionary biology
altruism
post-reproductive life
menopause
demography

Biography

I am a doctoral candidate in the Department of Biology, studying context-dependence of the adaptive benefits of post-reproductive life in humans as part of the Human Life History Group (Professor V. Lummaa). Previously, I worked on growth in Asian elephants with the Myanmar Timber Elephant Project (then based at the University of Sheffield, UK, now based at UTU).

Teaching

I have taught on the Human Evolution course given by the Department of Biology.

Research

My current work focuses on the outcomes of grandmother help under different contexts, using a dataset on families from pre-industrial Finland. The adaptive benefits of grandmothering are thought to have had some role in the evolution of the rare life-history traits shown by humans and few other species (traits including menopause, extended post-reproductive life, and long periods of dependency). However, it cannot be assumed that help is a constant, and therefore it is important to investigate how e.g. resource stress would affect outcomes of help, in order to further our understanding of how post-reproductive life can evolve. Additionally, I have researched how the demography of grandparents has changed through time, from pre-industrial Finland to the mid-20th century.

Publications

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