Dissertation defence (International Business): MSc Marion Bitsch

MSc Marion Bitsch defends the dissertation in International Business titled “The invisibles in IB: How State agents’ export promotion support, finance, and time influence firms’ internationalization” at the University of Turku on 19 April 2024 at 11.00 (Turku School of Economics, Lähitapiola lecture hall, Rehtoripellonkatu 3, Turku).

Opponent: Professor Hussain Rammal (Adelaide University, Australia)
Custos: Professor Eriikka Paavilainen-Mäntymäki (University of Turku)

Doctoral Dissertation at UTUPub: https://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-951-29-9639-1


Summary of the Doctoral Dissertation:

"The invisibles in IB: How State agents’ export promotion support, finance, and time influence firms’ internationalization" is a monograph about firm internationalization. Dunning’s Eclectic Paradigm (OLI) was used as envelope to anchor: finance in explaining internationalization, State agents, i.e. Export Credit Agencies, and the role of time. In Dunning’s earlier work (1988) the OLI model was first produced in the L-O-I order. Adding the time, for example the distinction between temporal/potential or realized niches could be made. These can for instance impact the range of support activities export promotion (EP) and export credit agencies (ECA) are allowed to deploy with the argument of reducing structural disadvantages without affecting healthy competition, which is supposed for ECAs/EPs. Enveloping agencies co-create through registering time or through the maintaining of the conditions, they create the stability for future projects to be realized.

In my model I presented from L to O to I. I presented the dynamic LOI from a goal in a Location, to the Ownership of the capabilities. To the Internalization of more: willingness. This explains the time internalization concept. Or how time gets internalized (flows), in other words: from goal, at the I-L intersection, to capabilities (L-O) to willingness (O-I). This model echoes the dipole moment of HOH.

Due to constant increase of immaterial contents, the comprehending of immaterial evolutionary or ecological impacts had to be re-evaluated. This research contributes to understanding the evolution, the ecology, or the immaterial impacts at the level of production and recycling, of a soft matter: time. My future research, in the continuation of the dissertation, will be about time ecology. It continues my concept of time internalization (below). Do we live in time, or does time exit us? Does energy motion internalization in the microbial cell form time, or does cell energy motion de-internalization, from the leaving/living matter, form time? Not all times are the same. A standard time must be created: as a secondary individually formed time. My definition of internalization can be found in the dissertation: “time internalization is materialized by the measurement of human resources (as various energy flows) invested (e.g., men/day) in activity, strategy, and behavior” (p. 70-1).
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