European Studies

European Studies explore Europe and the EU from various historical, political, economic, ideological and theoretical perspectives.

European Studies Minor (25-50 ECTS) is composed of compulsory courses and additional courses, which are announced annually.

The program can be used as a minor, but students also have the option to take individual courses, and there is no specific order in which the courses must be completed, unless clearly stated otherwise.

The language of teaching, instruction, and assignments is English.

Exams, Academic Year, Grading System, Application Deadlines

A book-exam is a self-study exam that helps students to deepen their knowledge in a particular field or issue. 

Registration for the electronic book exams takes place through Peppi ( When registering for a book exam through Peppi, please note the specific code of the course in question, which is in a "POLHXXXX" format (e.g. POLH1035). The code will help you to find the correct course from the list.

You do not need to register for normal lecture exams, the dates of which are fixed by each course's responsible teacher. More information on exams and other course assignments will be provided during the course.

Books for book exams are available to students through the course libraries of the University, from the libraries of other Turku-based libraries (such as the Åbo Akademi or town library), or as e-books through the University of Turku library website.

The four main forms of assessment used in the courses of the programme are book exams, essays, learning diaries (short 2 ECTS essays/learning diaries are ca. 7+ pages and long 4 ECTS essays/learning diaries are ca. 10-12 pages, please see course descriptions for details), and written course examinations. 

For complementary information on book exams and other forms of examinations, see here or get in touch with the coordinator of the programme if you have additional questions.

The Finnish academic year is divided into two teaching semesters, Autumn (1 September - 31 December) and Spring (1 January - 31 May).

Each course is graded using the standards of Finnish universities. To learn more, see here. Please note: Finnish credits (opintopisteet, op) are equal to international ECTS credits.

More information for visiting or exchange students, especially the deadlines and procedures, can be found on the following webpages:
Application as an exchange student
General information and guides about studying in Turku and the Finnish Education System
Some basic facts about Finland in various languages


Pre-registration (via the Peppi system) is required for all courses. Details are given in the course descriptions included in the syllabus.

Please make sure to attend the first session or you may lose your place! If you are not able to attend the first session, you are always required to contact the responsible teacher of the course to keep your place. 

The programme is also open to students registered in the Åbo Akademi University through the Flexible Study Rights/JOO -system (for degree students).​​

Question and contact, reception by prior arrangement