In its Strategy, the University of Turku emphasises the significance of up-to-date research infrastructure as a prerequisite for top research and teaching based on it.
Research infrastructures include research instruments, equipment, materials, and services that enable the research and development work taking placing at different stages of innovation activities and support organised research work, doctoral training and teaching, and develop research and innovation capacity (Strategy for National Research Infrastructures in Finland 2020–2030, Research Council of Finland).
The Research Infrastructure Policy of the University of Turku has a central role in the multidisciplinary University’s strategic decision-making and the implementation of the decisions (link to the policy's pdf version is at the bottom of this page).
The University of Turku has several high-quality research infrastructures, which together form the Roadmap of Research Infrastructures of the University of Turku. Automatically, these include partnerships in European infrastructure projects (ESFRI) that are represented in the University, international memberships, and research infrastructures on the national research infrastructure roadmap (FIRI). In addition to these, the University of Turku identifies and selects its own and local significant research infrastructures. The University of Turku emphasises the openness of research infrastructures and their joint use with other academic operators, the business sector, and companies.
Roadmap for research infrastructures of the University of Turku
The Archives of the School of History, Culture and Arts Studies provide the necessary long-term solutions for the preservation of research materials that have been produced by the School’s researchers and research projects, and the Archives’ personnel also advise researchers on how they can comply with the principles of ethical research when forming their materials.
Auria Biobank is Finland’s first biobank. Approximately a million samples are stored in the biobank and used for medical research. Auria Clinical Informatics organizes, harmonizes and maintains the clinical patient data of the Hospital District of Southwest Finland’s patient register in a way that ensures that the data is easily available to professionals and other experts.
University of Helsinki, University of Eastern Finland, University of Oulu, Tampere University, University of Turku, Åbo Akademi University
Biocenter Finland was founded by the University of Eastern Finland, University of Helsinki, Oulu University, Tampere University, University of Turku and Åbo Akademi University. Biocenter Finland is rooted in the profiles of its host universities and supports implementation of their research strategies. It supports frontier research by coordination of a nation-wide network of fifteen technology platforms operating in five biocenters. Biocenter Finland serves on an open access principle the country’s life scientists’ community with its technology services, takes care of investments and safe-guards the quality of the services. It supports research collaboration, training, internationalization of the researcher base and translation of research findings into benefits for society. A number of the scientists using Biocenter Finland’s technology services have produced scientific breakthroughs and innovations benefitting the economy.
(see below for further details of Turku Bioscience)
Multidisciplinary research and teaching lie at the heart of the activities of the Biodiversity Unit. As well as these, the unit also focuses on public outreach.
Contact: Ilari Sääksjärvi email@example.com
- Aerobiology Laboratory https://sites.utu.fi/aerobiologianlaboratorio/; Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Archipelago Research Institute https://sites.utu.fi/seili/en/title/; Contact: Jari Hänninen email@example.com
- Botanic Garden of the University of Turku https://sites.utu.fi/kasvitieteellinen-puutarha/en/; Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Kevo Subarctic Research Institute https://sites.utu.fi/kevo/en/; Contact: email@example.com
- LUMA Centre South-West Finland (/University of Turku Science Center) https://sites.utu.fi/luma/en/; Contact: Pasi Nurmi firstname.lastname@example.org
- Natural history museum https://collections.utu.fi/en/; Contact: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
- Outdoor pollen and spore monitoring https://sites.utu.fi/siitepoly/; Contact: email@example.com
The purpose of the operation of the BSL-3 safety laboratory is to enable scientific research and training with level 3 biological agents, diagnostic product development, drug analyzes (antiviral and antimicrobial) and cooperation with companies.
Contact: Laura Kakkola firstname.lastname@example.org
Center of Evolutionary Applications is a service unit based in the Department of Biology. We provide technical support for researchers at the Department, and offer genetic research and analysis services for external customers.
Central Animal Laboratory of the University of Turku provides services to biomedical research by supplying and producing laboratory animals.
The purpose of the Centre for Population Health Research (POPC) is to advance multidisciplinary health research focusing on different phases of the life cycle and to develop new modelling methods with the help of which national registers and clinical population research data could be utilised for predicting and promoting population health, well-being, and ability to function.
DigiMan is a platform that provides a nationally and internationally acknowledged smart digital manufacturing research infrastructure offering modern experimental and simulation-based tools (e.g. 3D-printers, smart robots, smart sensors etc.).
Contact: Antti Salminen email@example.com
FOODNUTRI focuses in the scientific breakthrough needed to build a sustainable food system ensuring healthy nutrition, continuous food security, and excellent food safety. FOODNUTRI upgrades domestic raw materials for production of foods and food ingredients by exploiting innovative food processing technologies and provides know-how including tools and methods on food characteristics, physiological responses to food, consumer acceptance, food consumption and nutrient intake of populations as well as environmental and health impacts.
Contact: Baoru Yang firstname.lastname@example.org
University of Helsinki, Aalto University, CSC – IT Center for Science Ltd., University of Eastern Finland, University of Jyväskylä, The National Archives of Finland, Institute for the Languages of Finland, Tampere University, University of Turku, University of Vaasa
FIN-CLARIAH is a research infrastructure for Social Sciences and Humanities comprising two components, FIN-CLARIN and DARIAH-FI. Taking the best practices established in FIN-CLARIN, FIN-CLARIAH seeks to significantly broaden the scope of infrastructural support into two major new directions: first, to reach beyond FIN-CLARIN language materials into other kinds of structured and multi-modal big data; and second, to cater to a broad range of SSH research needs. While FIN-CLARIN continues to break new ground in supporting research based on language data, DARIAH-FI will develop infrastructure for big, heterogeneous datasets for research in the humanities and social sciences. Beyond collaborating at the boundaries where these missions overlap, both components will also share facilities for the management and negotiation of material rights, for technical access, as well as for hosting the documentation, tools and services through the Language Bank of Finland (www.kielipankki.fi) and CSC.
Åbo Akademi University, Aalto University, University of Helsinki, Helsinki University Hospital, University of Eastern Finland, Central Finland Health Care District, University of Oulu, University of Turku, Turku University Hospital
Euro-BioImaging ERIC is a European-wide research infrastructure for imaging technologies in biological and medical sciences on the ESFRI Roadmap. The mission of Euro-BioImaging ERIC is to deploy high-quality biological and biomedical imaging in Europe in a coordinated manner, to maintain a leading position in the global landscape. By participating in Euro-BioImaging ERIC, scientists will gain open access to the best imaging technologies in Europe in a cost-effective manner. Euro-BioImaging Finland is the Finnish service branch of Euro-BioImaging, consisting of two multi-sited service centres called Nodes: Finnish Advanced Light Microscopy Node and Finnish Biomedical Imaging Node. The Finnish Nodes cover effectively the imaging technology areas that are of highest demand in Europe. The Finnish Nodes also provide special expertise and education in biological and medical imaging supporting high-level research in both academia and healthcare industry.
University of Helsinki, CSC – IT Center for Science Ltd., University of Turku, Åbo Akademi University
Chemical biology, the development of new small molecules with specific biological activities, is of tremendous value as the starting point for understanding biological processes and for discovering new drugs, agrochemicals and other commercially valuable bioactive agents. EUOPENSCREEN ERIC (EU-OS), a European research infrastructure consortium, provides open access to world class infrastructures, technologies and expertise, with a compound collection of > 100 000 compounds and open database. The adopted open access policy aims to ensure maximal scientific and societal impact of investments. As founding member, Finland has a key role in EU-OS. Finnish membership in EU-OS brings domestic scientists outstanding opportunities for high quality research breakthroughs, innovation, and access to technologies, services and resources not currently available in Finland, as well as collaboration opportunities through incoming projects.
University of Turku
The European Social Survey (ESS) is an academically-driven comparative social survey designed to chart and explain the interaction between Europe’s changing societies and the attitudes, beliefs and behaviour pattern of its diverse populations. In addition, the ESS conducts methodological research to develop survey methods. The ESS employs extremely rigorous methodological standards in sampling, question-testing, translation and field-work procedures, and continuously develops and tests new survey methods. The ESS covers more than 30 countries and it forms a bi-annual time series starting from 2002. All data and documentation are freely available for all researchers. A multidisciplinary research community consisting of more than 150.000 users from all over the world use the ESS data. The ESS has served as a data source for thousands of journal articles, conference papers, books and other publications. Since 2013, ESS has been a European Research Infrastructure Consortium, ESS ERIC.
University of Helsinki, University of Jyväskylä, Kuopio Natural History Museum, University of Oulu, University of Turku
Biodiversity is rapidly vanishing. This undermines the ability of mankind to adapt to global change. We must therefore develop our understanding of and ability to protect biodiversity. FinBIF accelerates the digitisation, mobilisation, and open-access distribution of biodiversity data to support research, governance, education, and business. FinBIF is an integrated e-infrastructure that combines three kinds of biodiversity data (specimens, observations, and DNA), links them with modern research tools enabling rapid generation of further data, and distributes these services openly. FinBIF allows the research community to reach scientific breakthroughs at a rate matching the urgency of the need to achieve conservation and sustainable use of our imperilled biodiversity. At the same time, FinBIF supports the public administration in effective biodiversity management.
University of Helsinki, Aalto University, CSC – IT Center for Science Ltd., University of Eastern Finland, University of Jyväskylä, LUT University, University of Oulu, Tampere University, University of Turku, Åbo Akademi University
Among other things, drug development and weather forecasts are largely based on computational science, which is one of Finland's key areas of strength in science and technology. Finnish Computing Competence Infrastructure (FCCI) provides Finnish universities with Tier-2 computational and data storage resources that heterogeneously support each university's specific research activities and thus the national profiling of the universities. FCCI integrates these capacities into a single entity that is coordinated through centralized maintenance and integrated into computational Tier-1 and Tier-0 resources. FCCI supports e.g. data-intensive research, artificial intelligence, and high-performance computing. FCCI User Groups cover both science and the arts. In general, FCCI coordinates university cooperation in computational research, supports the training of top experts in computational science, and strengthens Finland's identity as one of the leading countries in computational science.
Contact: Tom Kuusela email@example.com
The PHOTOSYN infrastructure represents internationally competent and a truly multidisciplinary photosynthesis research combining biophysics, biochemistry, molecular biology, synthetic biology, genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and biotechnology of oxygenic photosynthetic organisms. The infrastructure serves the plant biology and algae biotech community in Finland and enables research collaboration with top international academic and industrial R&Ds.
Contact: Yagut Allahverdiyeva-Rinne firstname.lastname@example.org
Åbo Akademi, University of Turku, Tampere University
The Finnish Research Infrastructure for Public Opinion (FIRIPO) is a collaborative effort by Åbo Akademi University, University of Turku and Tampere University to establish a national infrastructure for public opinion research in Finland. FIRIPO is funded by the Academy of Finland. The infrastructure’s panel components provide researchers with reliable tools for data collection and the ability to quickly and accurately investigate public opinion on current events. The deliberation labs and decision making labs offer tools to experimentally investigate decision making and policy choices.
Finnish Environment Institute, Geological Survey of Finland, University of Helsinki, Finnish Meteorological Institute, National Resources Institute Finland, University of Turku, Åbo Akademi University
Finnish Marine Research Infrastructure (FINMARI) combines all major components of the Finnish marine research community. It is a distributed infrastructure network of field stations, research vessels, gliders, laboratory facilities, ferryboxes, fixed measurement platforms, profiling buoys and multiple autonomous platforms. FINMARI provides a unique contact point to observational and experimental Finnish marine research facilities. Our joint infrastructure development plan is based on addressing the multiscale variability of the marine environment, through synergetic integration of the research foci and RI competence profiles of the partnership.
Contact: Katri Kuuppo email@example.com
Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare, University of Helsinki, University of Eastern Finland, University of Oulu, Tampere University, University of Turku, Finnish Institute for Occupational Health
Population based health surveys and extensive health related registers have been available in Finland since 1950’s. Different data sources at the individual level can be linked with a unique personal identification code. Together these survey and register data form a unique resource for research. The FIRI-PBS will enhance active use of existing and newly collected population based survey data in both national and international research initiatives and multidisciplinary collaborations, to increase knowledge and use of common standardized tools for collection of new survey data; and to enhance data quality and cost-effective collection of new data.
Contact: Hanna Tolonen firstname.lastname@example.org
FinTED is dynamic national database for teacher education, which will be constructed and implemented through extensive national collaboration between higher education institutions. The basis of the database is national research data collected in the follow-up research (Baseline). FinTED is based on the principles of open science and the materials collected in the database are openly available to higher education institutions.
Flavoria® is a multidisciplinary research platform and, at the same time, a unique lunch restaurant, café, and snack shop. The research conducted in Flavoria focuses on producing new scientific knowledge and consumer understanding for the sustainable development of both society and businesses. It offers research possibilities and environments for both scientific and commercial entities, including research institutions, students writing their theses or companies developing their products and services.
HYDRO-RI-Platform includes a pool of unique instruments for hydrological, hydraulic, morphodynamic and water quality measurements, with a variety of
autonomous under- and above-water sensor platforms, a mobile field laboratory facility, and a data sharing platform to study essential scientific questions in present and future hydrology.
Contact: Petteri Alho email@example.com
Histology core facility provides methods for study of cell and tissue specimen of experimental animal and human origin. The services include tissue processing, preparation of paraffin and frozen blocks and sections, and visualization of tissue and cellular structures using histochemical and immunohistochemical stainings and detection methods.
Turku Immunology Centre is a joint centre of Faculty of Medicine and Turku Bioscience Centre of the University of Turku and the Hospital District of Southwest Finland (VSSHP). The Immunology Centre brings together everyone whose work and interest is in immunology. Closer collaboration between researchers and clinicians in the field of immunology at the University of Turku and VSSHP enables discovery and utilization of significant new scientific findings.
Contact: Kaisa Hakkila firstname.lastname@example.org
University of Helsinki, University of Eastern Finland, University of Oulu, University of Turku, Åbo Akademi University
FINStruct is a national, distributed, open-access research infrastructure for structural biology. It spearheads international research and development in biomolecular complex purification; cryoelectron microscopy; nuclear magnetic resonance; single cell proteomics; native mass spectrometry; structural bioinformatics; X-ray crystallography and data management. FINStruct top services were inaugurated as Instruct Centre Finland, a national node of Instruct-ERIC, making Finnish expertise in sample preparation, characterisation, and structure determination available through the Instruct-ERIC service catalogue. FINStruct serves the whole research community in academia and industry. Societal impact is in patent applications, start-ups, and diagnostic and therapeutic tool development. A benefit of Instruct-ERIC membership to all Finnish researchers is funded access to top-class Instruct-ERIC services and expertise, which boosts their international research profile.
Contact: Sarah Butcher email@example.com
InReg develops and compiles new register datasets, takes care of the authorization and user permission processing, updates the existing data sources and is in charge of the internal standardization and metadata recording.
Contact: Matti Lindberg firstname.lastname@example.org
Lawradar is an open-access RI that links together all national public political and legal documents related to law-making from various sources. Lawradar not only enables researchers to see the process of law-making, but also improves the general public’s access to information – a fundamental right and cornerstone of democracy.
University of Turku holds and maintains many valuable long-term datasets on breeding bird populations, oldest time series starting from 1940’s. All these datasets, collected by different research teams, contain to large extent similar information on birds’ breeding. This infrastructure project is targeted to ensure the continuation of these time-series and to create a new database with a multiuser interface for organizing the data collection in an efficient, standardized and coordinated way among different research groups. The new database would be linked with data pipelines to the Pan-European SPI-Birds database, where all the data would be available in a standard format for any research use. Data pipelines will also be created to the Finnish Biodiversity Information Facility (FinBIF) and Bird ringing database of Finnish Natural History Museum.
Contact: Tapio Eeva email@example.com
Machine Technology Center Turku Ltd. is a modern learning, training and development center for enterprises, educational institutes and researchers in the region of Turku and Southwest Finland. The Center provides a dynamic and comprehensive environment for applied research and professional specialisation. Its facilities and services form a framework which supports and fosters cooperation between educational institutes, researcher organisations and local businesses.
Contact: Erkki Virkki firstname.lastname@example.org
MARI is a broad-based platform for experimental materials research that combines methods of materials technology, physics and chemistry. It is based on significant equipment investment in material characterization (e.g., SEM and XPS) with the strategic funding of the University of Turku in recent years. Expansion to materials technology at University of Turku enables the construction of a qualitatively new, strong and versatile hardware package that serves both the needs of basic research in University of Turku’s internal co-operation network and business co-operation and service research in the Turku region and beyond.
MAX IV is a new generation synchrotron radiation source in Lund, Sweden. The international MAX IV laboratory will be the home of broadbased research in physics, chemistry, materials science, environmental sciences, bioscience and medicine. The University of Turku is a member of this project.
The Nordic Optical Telescope (NOT) is a 2.56-m telescope located at the Spanish "Roque de los Muchachos" Observatory (ORM), La Palma, Canarias, Spain. The telescope is a facility exclusively intended for scientific research and education with the aim of studying the Universe from Solar System, stars and exoplanets to galaxies, black holes and other compact objects, cosmology and the Big Bang.
Contact: Seppo Mattila email@example.com
The aim of the infrastructure is to enable the rapid and cost-effective development of antibodies, one of the key tools in biotechnology/biosciences. Antibodies have a wide range of applications in diagnostics, drug development and research. Through service and collaborative projects, the infrastructure will enable the systematic development, modification, production and characterisation of the biochemical and physical properties of recombinant antibodies and other binding proteins.
Contact: Urpo Lamminmäki firstname.lastname@example.org
The main research interests at the Sleep Research Centre are interactions of sleep-disordered breathing and cardiovascular and metabolic function, special emphasis on nocturnal transcutaneous carbon dioxide profile, and menopause, sleep and breathing. There are several ongoing research projects in co-operation with other Finnish and international research groups.
Contact: Tarja Saaresranta email@example.com
Turku Bioscience (previously known as Turku Centre for Biotechnology) is an advanced core facility and research centre hosted jointly by University of Turku and Åbo Akademi University. It was established in 1992 to facilitate research infrastructure services and scientific interactions across departments and within the two universities. This concept has proved to be highly efficient especially in optimizing the coordinated acquisition of cutting-edge instruments and providing technology services by open access principles. Turku Bioscience is part of national Biocenter Finland research infrastructure, and it offers services to both academic and commercially-oriented research projects.
- Cell Imaging and Cytometry https://bioscience.fi/services/cell-imaging/services/; Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
- Finnish Functional Genomics Centre https://bioscience.fi/services/functional-genomics/services/; Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Genome Editing Core https://bioscience.fi/services/genome-editing/services/; Contact: email@example.com
- Medical Bioinformatics Centre https://elolab.utu.fi/; Contact: Laura Elo firstname.lastname@example.org
- Protein Structure and Chemistry https://bioscience.fi/services/protein-structure-and-chemistry/services/; Contact: Tassos Papageorgiou email@example.com
- Screening Unit https://bioscience.fi/services/screening/services/; Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Single-cell Omics https://bioscience.fi/services/single-cell-omics/services/; Contact: email@example.com
- Turku Metabolomics Centre https://bioscience.fi/services/metabolomics/services/; Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Turku Proteomics Facility https://bioscience.fi/services/services/; Contact: email@example.com
- Zebrafish https://bioscience.fi/services/zebrafish/services/; Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org
Turku Centre for Chemical and Molecular Analytics (CCMA) serves as a shared facility for the Department of Chemistry at the University of Turku and the Department of Science at Åbo Akademi University. With 5 modern NMR instruments and a sophisticated mass spectrometer, the Centre is one of the best equipped educational NMR/MS facilities in Finland.
TCDM is a research and research service organization at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Turku, and is part of the national Biocenter Finland Model Organisms (www.biocenter.fi) and the BF FinGMice networks (www.fingmice.fi) as well as international European Infrastructure for Translational Medicine (EATRIS, https://eatris.eu/) network. TCDM applies and provides state-of-the-art research facilities and expertise in studies in experimental animals to support both academic and industrial associated non-clinical research. The facilities and expertise are also available for contract research.
TCBC has a comprehensive range of up-to-date equipment to meet the challenges of research and development of novel biomaterials and implant designs for clinical applications in dentistry, cranio-maxillofacial surgery and orthopedics. Several facilities are dedicated to particular tasks in fabrication, characterization and biomechanical testing of materials.
Eye tracking is a research methodology that allows examining human cognition in various settings: for example, during text or music reading, viewing of images and videos, social interaction and communication, and in learning contexts including virtual reality environments. Turku EyeLabs consists of eye-tracking laboratories and a community of researchers who share know-how on designing experiments, use of different equipment, and applications of various types of analytical tools.
Turku Protein Core (TuProtCore) is a one-stop-shop open-access core facility that helps internal and external users with their protein-related tasks. It includes vast basic and advanced infrastructure from both Åbo Akademi University and the University of Turku and has capabilities to assist researchers in moving their project from protein expression to biophysical characterization to protein crystallization.
UTU-Digilang provides a nationally and internationally acknowledged infrastructure offering tools and linguistic datasets not available elsewhere. It brings together several independent language resources and language processing tools developed at the University of Turku: The Archive of Finnish and Finno-Ugric Languages; Digital Language Resources of the School of Languages and Translation Studies (SLTS); and the language resources and tools developed by the Turku Natural Language Processing group at SLTS and at the Department of Computing.
Contact: Veronika Laippala email@example.com
University of Turku's partnerships in ESFRI roadmap infrastructures
AnaEE (Analysis and Experimentation on Ecosystems) will pave the way for understanding the complex impact of today’s multiple, interacting global change drivers on terrestrial and aquatic continental ecosystems across Europe. It will forge evidence-based adaptation and mitigation strategies that assure plant, soil, water, biodiversity and ecosystem health today and in the future. Those strategies are needed to maintain essential services to society, including carbon sequestration, food security, clean water, biodiversity.
Contact: Otso Suominen firstname.lastname@example.org
BBMRI-ERIC is a European research infrastructure for biobanking. It brings together all the main players from the biobanking field – researchers, biobankers, industry, and patients – to boost biomedical research. To that end, it offers quality management services, support with ethical, legal and societal issues, and a number of online tools and software solutions.
CLARIN stands for 'Common Language Resources and Technology Infrastructure'. It is a research infrastructure that was initiated from the vision that all digital language resources and tools from all over Europe and beyond are accessible through a single sign-on online environment for the support of researchers in the humanities and social sciences.
The Distributed System of Scientific Collections is a new world-class Research Infrastructure (RI) for Natural Science Collections. The DiSSCo RI aims to create a new business model for one European collection that digitally unifies all European natural science assets under common access, curation, policies and practices that ensure that all the data is easily Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Reusable (FAIR principles). DiSSCo represents the largest ever formal agreement between natural history museums, botanic gardens and collection-holding universities in the world.
EATRIS is the European infrastructure for translational medicine. It brings together resources and services for research communities to translate scientific discoveries into benefits for patients. It provides access to a vast array of pre-clinical and clinical expertise and facilities that are available within 127+ top-tier academic centres across Europe. It focuses on improving and optimising preclinical and early clinical development of drugs, vaccines and diagnostics, and overcome barriers to health innovation.
ELIXIR unites Europe’s leading life science organisations in managing and safeguarding the increasing volume of data being generated by publicly funded research. It coordinates, integrates and sustains bioinformatics resources across its member states and enables users in academia and industry to access services that are vital for their research.
Countries supporting eLTER RI (Integrated European Long-Term Ecosystem, Critical Zone and Socio-ecological Research) will provide infrastructure in the form of eLTER Sites (focal points for long-term ecosystem observation and research) and eLTSER Platforms (large areas facilitating socioecological research and exemplary stakeholder engagement). These national building blocks form the in-situ backbone of eLTER RI. Site-based operations will be highly integrated and follow agreed policies. These facilities will be open for research and education via a centralised scheme.
The European Social Survey (ESS) is an academically driven cross-national survey that has been conducted across Europe since its establishment in 2001. Every two years, face-to-face interviews are conducted with newly selected, cross-sectional samples. The survey measures the attitudes, beliefs and behaviour patterns of diverse populations in more than thirty nations.
Euro-BioImaging is a research infrastructure that offers open access to imaging technologies, training and data services in biological and biomedical imaging. Euro-BioImaging consists of imaging facilities, called Nodes, that have opened their doors to all life science researchers.
LifeWatch ERIC is a European Research Infrastructure Consortium providing e-Science research facilities to scientists investigating biodiversity and ecosystem functions and services in order to support society in addressing key planetary challenges.
Contact: Otso Suominen email@example.com