Käynnissä olevat väitöstutkimukset:
1) "The long-term health effects of increased alcohol availability: Evidence from an Alcohol reform"
I examine the long-term health effects of an exogenous shock in alcohol availability using administrative data on alcohol-related deaths, alcohol-related hospitalizations and socioeconomic background between 1971 and 2016. In 1969, Finland underwent significant changes in alcohol availability both via Minimum Legal Drinking Age (MLDA) and distribution channels. During the last decades Finland has seen a rising trend in alcohol-related deaths due to chronic causes. I analyze to what extent 1969 alcohol reform explains the rising trend in long-term alcohol related problems.
2) "The long-term mental health effects of forced migration: Evidence from the Evacuation of Finnish Karelia" (with Haukka, J., Martikainen P., Sarvimäki M. & Suvisaari J.)
We use the resettlement of the entire population living in areas Finland ceded to the Soviet Union after World War II as a "natural experiment" to study the long-term mental health effects of forced migration. Using nationwide hospital discharge register and drug register information on mental health and combine this with socioeconomic register data from 1939 to 2012, find that forced migration had a small protective effect against mental disorders in later life. In contrast, the self-selected group of non-displaced persons who migrated voluntarily during the same period have higher risk of hospitalization for mental disorders than non-migrants. This difference between non-experimental and quasi-experimental results highlights the importance of an appropriate research design when measuring the impacts of migration. The results from our natural experiment indicate that migration does not lead to serious mental health problems.
3) "Mental disorders and lifetime earnings"
I document the link between mental health related hospital admissions and lifetime earnings. Using Finnish hospital discharge data and administrative data covering years 1971-2016, I show that there is considerable amount of heterogeneity in the lifetime income losses related psychiatric hospital admissions by age at first admission. This study contributes to previous research by providing an clear-cut economic rationale of using survival analysis methods in the field of health economics.